Zoning and Area-Based Management

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Zoning and area-based management in national marine conservation areas

Area-based management refers to a set of strategies for managing where and how different activities take place within a national marine conservation area. It is key to achieving management goals related to heritage protection, sustainable ecological use and visitation.

Area-based management has three components

  1. Zoning
  2. Special management areas
  3. Temporary closures and restrictions

These three components constitute complementary strategies designed to address different types of management issues and challenges. This paper introduces the three components of area-based management and describes how they can be implemented using the regulations.

Why we are regulating

Zoning and area-based management in national marine conservation areas

Area-based management refers to a set of strategies for managing where and how different activities take place within a national marine conservation area. It is key to achieving management goals related to heritage protection, sustainable ecological use and visitation.

Area-based management has three components

  1. Zoning
  2. Special management areas
  3. Temporary closures and restrictions

These three components constitute complementary strategies designed to address different types of management issues and challenges. This paper introduces the three components of area-based management and describes how they can be implemented using the regulations.

Why we are regulating

The Act and the recently adopted Policy on Establishment and Management of National Marine Conservation Areas both provide direction on the creation of zones as a requirement for meeting the purpose and goals of national marine conservation areas. Zoning is a key strategy for managing activities and uses in national marine conservation areas in order to support the conservation and sustainable use of marine ecosystems. In addition, the Policy refers to the creation of special management areas and temporary closures and restrictions as additional strategies for achieving management goals. The regulations will be the legal tool to implement all three of these strategies in national marine conservation areas through the creation of area-based restrictions and prohibitions.

What we are proposing to regulate

Zoning

Zoning is the process of dividing a national marine conservation area into different areas in order to delineate where certain activities can and cannot take place within a national marine conservation area. There are three steps to zoning, the last of which involves the regulations.

  • Step 1: A national zoning framework found in the Directive on Management of National Marine Conservation Areas identifies four zone types, each with a different purpose and associated list of activities that are allowed and not allowed within them.
  • Step 2: For each national marine conservation area, a zoning plan is included in the management planning process. Management plans are reviewed about every 10 years and tabled in Parliament. The zoning plan is informed by the national zoning framework and identifies the boundaries of each zone type within a given national marine conservation area. In other words, it shows where zone 1, 2, 3 and 4 areas will be located within a particular national marine conservation area. Zoning plans, as part of the management planning process, are the subject of widespread engagement and with national marine conservation area management partners before they are finalized and published.
  • Step 3: The regulations will provide the legal authority required to implement the zoning plan for each site. It is the mechanism used to legally prohibit or restrict activities in the different zones as delineated in the zoning plan. Examples of how the national marine conservation area regulations will help implement zoning plans are found are found below.

Examples of how the national marine conservation area regulations will contribute to the implementation of zoning plans.

Example 1

According to the national zoning framework, zone 1 areas are intended to provide strict protection to special features and sensitive ecosystem elements that are susceptible to disturbance. As a result, most activities are not allowed in these zones and entry is subject to special permission. The regulations will provide authority to prohibit access other than in accordance with a permit to areas delimited as zone 1 in a site management plan. The regulations will also enable permits to be accompanied by terms and conditions needed to ensure that activities are carried out in a manner consistent with the purpose of the zone.

Example 2

According to the national zoning framework, zone 2 areas are intended to offer general protection to special features, sensitive ecosystem elements and representative characteristics while enabling compatible activities such as visitation. Extractive activities such as fishing and hunting are not allowed. Accordingly, the regulations will provide authority to prohibit extractive uses in areas delimited as zone 2 in a site management plan.

Example 3

According to the national zoning framework, zone 3 areas are intended to protect specific habitats while providing for compatible access and extractive uses. The regulations will provide authority to prohibit or restrict activities in zone 3 areas to the extent described in the management plan for each national marine conservation area.

Example 4

According to the national zoning framework, zone 4 is intended to sustain the greatest range of uses that do not compromise ecological sustainability, cultural resources or heritage value. As such, the regulations will implement zone 4 by creating general restrictions, prohibitions, authorities and permit requirements that are designed to ensure sustainable practices and heritage protection in respect of all activities that take place within the boundaries of the NMCA.


Given that zoning is linked to both the national zoning framework and site level management plans, it is mostly suited to implementing consistent, long-term measures to manage activities that support management goals. This means that different tools are required to address more specific and dynamic management issues that will be regulated, namely special management areas and temporary closures.

Special management areas

Special management areas are tools used to respond to conservation and management challenges that require the creation of customized activity prohibitions or restrictions within a specific part of a national marine conservation area. Special management areas are intended to manage specific activities on a temporary, seasonal or longer term basis as needed to ensure key protection requirements are met in a manner that has the least possible impact on national marine conservation area users. They can be created at any point in time and within any zone type, but require due consultation with Indigenous governing bodies, relevant government departments and other partners in national marine conservation area management before they can be identified and implemented. The regulations will provide the authority to delineate special management areas and prohibit or restrict activities to the extent agreed by the management partners. Table 1 provides some examples of situations where the regulatory authority to create special management areas could be used to achieve national marine conservation area management goals.

Table 1: Special management area examples

Activities restricted in special management area

Example

Vessel access

No vessel access allowed within a defined perimeter around sea bird colonies or marine mammal haul-outs during breeding seasons.

Access to places that constitute a public safety hazard

Prohibiting access to hazardous sites such as sea caves, reefs, blow-holes, and high surf zones under specific conditions.

Visitation

Restricting the number of visitors allowed to access popular sites or areas in order to prevent over-crowding and poor quality visitor experiences.


Temporary closures, restrictions and prohibitions

Temporary closures, restrictions and prohibitions are a strategy for quickly responding to emergencies or other pressing issues that require immediate attention on a short-term basis. They will be instituted through authorities provided in the regulations that allow for the expedient closure of an area or restriction or prohibition of any activity within that area as needed to address the issue. This authority would be limited to a 30-day period. Longer-term measures would be instituted through creation of a special management area or other mechanism suited to an ongoing issue.

Examples of how temporary closures, restrictions or prohibition could be used to address a management issue include

  • temporary restriction on vessel speed in a specific area due to an unexpected aggregation of a species at risk
  • temporary prohibition on access to an area due to a temporary public safety hazard

The main steps for implementing temporary restrictions and closures would be as follows

  1. An unanticipated urgent issue is identified for which a temporary management approach is suited.
  2. Management partners are consulted if the timeframe and circumstances allow.
  3. Regulation authorities are used to create a temporary closure, restriction or prohibition.
  4. Details of the temporary closure/restriction/prohibition are broadly communicated.
  5. The temporary closure/restriction/prohibition is put into effect and enforced.

Let’s talk national marine conservation area regulations / Have your say

Let us know what you think about this proposal.

Share your ideas to help us improve the proposed regulations.

We hope this summary paper has you thinking about how these regulations may affect you, and prompts you to provide feedback and comments. Your input is an important part of the process to develop regulations.

We appreciate the feedback we have received so far. Let's keep the dialogue going!

Please watch the www.LetsTalkNMCAs.ca website for updates, and share with friends and colleagues.



ᐅᖃᐅᓯᕆᓚᐅᕐᓚᕗᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕖᑦ ᒪᓕᒐᖏᑦ ᐅᓂᒃᑲᓕᐊᖏᑦ ᓇᐃᓈᖅᓯᒪᔪᑦ: ᑭᒡᓕᓕᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ / ᓇᓗᓇᐃᖅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ - ᑐᕌᖓᔪᖅ ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᓂᖏᑦ

ᑭᒡᓕᓕᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ / ᓇᓗᓇᐃᖅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᐃᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ - ᑐᕌᖓᔪᖅ ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᓂᖏᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖕᓂ

ᐃᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ − ᑐᕌᖓᔪᖅ ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᓂᖓ ᑐᑭᖃᖅᑐᑦ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᕈᑎᒃᓴᓕᐊᕆᔭᐅᔪᓂᒃ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᖃᑕᕐᓂᖅ ᓇᓃᓐᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐊᔾᔨᒌᖏᓐᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᐱᓕᕆᕝᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᑕᒫᓂ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖓᓂ. ᐱᒻᒪᕆᐅᕗᑦ ᑕᒪᒃᑯᐊ ᐊᖑᒪᔭᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᑐᕌᒐᕆᔭᐅᔪᓂᒃ ᐱᖁᑎᒋᔭᐅᖏᓐᓇᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᓴᐳᓐᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᓗᑎᒃ, ᐱᑕᖃᐃᓐᓇᖁᔨᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᑕᑯᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᖃᑕᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂᓗ.

ᐃᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ − ᑐᕌᖓᔪᖅ ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᓂᖓ ᐱᖓᓱᓂᒃ ᐃᓚᖃᖅᐳᑦ:

  1. ᑭᒡᓕᓕᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ / ᓇᓗᓇᐃᖅᓯᒪᔪᑦ
  2. ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᒐᔪᐃᑦᑐᖅ ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᓂᖓ ᐃᓂᖏᑦ
  3. ᒪᑐᔭᐅᓯᒪᑲᐃᓐᓇᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐊᔪᕐᓇᖅᑎᑕᐅᕙᖕᓂᖏᓪᓗ

ᐱᖓᓱᑦ ᑖᒃᑯᐊ ᐃᓚᒋᔭᐅᕗᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᑕᐅᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᕈᑎᒃᓴᓄᑦ ᐊᔾᔨᒌᖏᑦᑑᑎᐅᔪᓄᑦ ᑐᕋᖓᓗᑎᒃ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᕙᖕᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐃᓱᒫᓘᑕᐅᔪᓄᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐊᒃᓱᕈᕐᓇᕈᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᖅᑐᓄᑦ. ᐅᑯᐊ ᑎᑎᕋᖅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᑎᑦᑎᒋᐊᕈᑕᐅᕗᑦ ᐱᖓᓱᓂᒃ ᐃᓚᒋᔭᐅᕙᖕᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᑕᐃᒃᑯᓂᖓ ᐃᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ - ᑐᕌᖓᔪᖅ ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᕙᖕᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ, ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᖃᓄᖅ ᐊᑐᓕᖅᑎᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᒪᖓᑕ ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ.

ᖃᓄᐃᒻᒪᑦ ᒪᓕᒐᖃᖅᑎᑦᑎᓂᐊᕐᓕᕐᒪᖔᑕ

ᐱᖁᔭᖅ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᒫᓐᓇᓵᖅ ᐊᖏᕈᑕᐅᓚᐅᖅᑐᑦ ᐊᑐᐊᒐᕆᔭᐃᑦ ᓴᕿᑎᑕᐅᕙᖕᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᕙᖕᓂᖏᓄᓪᓗ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕖᑦ ᑕᒪᐃᓐᓂᒃ ᑎᓕᓯᔾᔪᑎᖃᖅᐳᑦ ᓴᕿᑎᑕᐅᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᑦ ᒪᓕᒐᕆᔭᐅᓂᖏᑦ ᐊᖑᒪᔭᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐱᑕᖃᕈᑕᐅᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᑐᕋᒐᕆᔭᐅᓂᖏᓐᓄᓪᓗ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕖᑦ. ᑭᒡᓕᓕᐅᕐᓂᖅ / ᓇᓗᓇᐃᖅᓯᓂᖅ ᐱᒻᒪᕆᐅᕗᖅ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᓂᕐᒥᒃ ᐱᓕᕆᐊᖑᔪᓂᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᓲᖑᔪᓂᒃ ᑕᕝᕙᓂ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖕᓂ ᐃᖃᔪᖅᓱᖅᓗᒋᑦ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥ ᐃᒪᐃᑦ ᐊᕙᑎᖏᓪᓗ. ᐊᒻᒪᑕᐅᖅ, ᐊᑐᐊᒐᐃᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᖃᖅᓱᑎᒃ ᐱᓐᖑᖅᑎᑕᐅᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᐊᔾᔨᒋᔭᐅᖏᑦᑐᓂᒃ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᕕᖃᖅᑎᑕᐅᓂᖏᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᒪᑐᔭᐅᓯᒪᑲᐃᓐᓇᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐊᔪᕐᓇᖅᑎᑕᐅᑲᐃᓐᓇᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓪᓗ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᑐᕌᒐᕆᔭᐅᔪᓂᒃ. ᐃᓚᓕᐅᑎᖃᓯᐅᑎᓪᓗᒍᒃ, ᐊᑐᐊᒐᖅ ᑎᑎᕋᖅᓯᒪᔪᖅ ᓴᕿᑎᑕᐅᓗᓂ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᒐᔪᐃᑦᑐᖅ ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᓂᖓ ᐃᓂᖏᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᒪᑐᔭᐅᓯᒪᑲᐃᓐᓇᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐊᔪᕐᓇᖅᑎᑕᐅᕙᖕᓂᖏᓪᓗ ᐃᓚᓕᐅᑎᒍᓐᓇᕐᓂᖓ ᐊᑐᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᑐᕌᒐᕆᔭᐅᔪᓂᒃ. ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐊᑐᓕᕈᑕᐅᓂᐊᖅᑐᑦ ᑕᒪᐃᓐᓂᒃ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᕐᕕᐅᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᑖᒃᑯᓂᖓ ᐱᖓᓱᓂᒃ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖕᓂ, ᐊᑐᕐᓗᑎᒃ ᑕᐅᕙᓂ ᐃᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ - ᑐᕌᖓᔪᖅ ᐊᔪᕐᓇᖅᑎᑕᐅᓂᐊᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᔾᔭᖏᑦᑐᓂᒃ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᐅᓯᒪᔪᓂ ᐊᑖᓂ.

ᖃᓄᐃᓕᖓᔪᓂᒃ ᒪᓕᒐᖃᖅᑎᑦᑎᔪᒪᓂᕐᒥᒃ ᐱᒋᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᔪᒪᓂᕗᑦ

ᑭᒡᓕᓕᐅᕐᓂᖅ / ᓇᓗᓇᐃᖅᓯᓂᖅ

ᑭᒡᓕᓕᐅᕐᓂᖅ / ᓇᓗᓇᐃᖅᓯᓂᖅ ᑕᐃᒪᐃᓕᖓᕗᑦ ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᓂᐊᕐᒪᑕ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕖᑦ ᐊᔾᔨᒌᖏᑦᑑᑎᐅᔪᓂᑦ ᐊᐃᑦᑐᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᓗᑎᒃ ᑕᐃᒪᒃ ᖃᐅᔨᒪᔭᐅᓂᐊᕐᒪᑕ ᖃᓄᐃᑦᑐᓂᒃ ᐊᔾᔨᒌᖏᑦᑑᑎᓂᒃ ᐱᓕᕆᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ, ᐱᓕᕆᕝᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᖏᓂᖏᓐᓂᒡᓗ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖕᓂ. ᐱᖓᓱᖕᒪᑕ ᑭᖑᓕᕇᒃᑐᓂ ᐱᓕᕆᐊᖑᕙᓪᓕᐊᔪᑦ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᖅᑎᑦᑎᓂᕐᒧᑦ, ᑭᖑᓪᓕᕆᔭᐅᔪᖅ ᐃᓚᖃᕆᓪᓗᓂ ᒪᓕᒐᕐᓂᒃ.

  • ᑭᖑᓕᕇᒃᑐᓂ ᐱᓕᕆᐊᖑᕙᓪᓕᐊᔪᑦ 1: ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᖏᑦ ᑐᖓᕕᑦ ᑕᐃᑲᓂᒻᒪᑕ ᑎᓕᓯᔾᔪᑎᓕᐊᕆᔭᐅᔪᓂ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕖᑦ ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᓯᑕᒪᐃᓂᒃ ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᓯᒪᓂᖏᑦ, ᐊᑐᓂ ᐊᔾᔨᒌᖏᑦᑑᑎᓂᒃ ᐱᔾᔪᑎᖃᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᑎᑎᕋᖅᓯᒪᓗᑎᒃ ᑕᒪᐃᓂ ᐱᓕᕆᐊᖑᔪᓐᓇᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐱᓕᕆᐊᖑᔪᓐᓇᔭᖏᑦᑐᓂ ᓴᐳᓐᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᕝᕕᖕᓂ.
  • ᑭᖑᓕᕇᒃᑐᓂ ᐱᓕᕆᐊᖑᕙᓪᓕᐊᔪᑦ 2: ᐊᑐᓂ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖕᓂ, ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᖏᑦ ᐸᕐᓇᐅᑎᑦ ᐱᖃᓯᐅᔾᔭᐅᔪᑦ ᐅᕙᓂ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐸᕐᓇᐅᑎᖏᓐᓂᒃ. ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐸᕐᓇᐅᑏᑦ ᕿᒥᕐᕈᐊᖅᑕᐅᕙᖕᒪᑕ ᖁᓕᑦ ᐊᕐᕌᒍᐃᑦ ᓈᔭᕌᖓᒥᒃ, ᐊᖏᕈᑕᐅᕙᒃᓱᑎᒃ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᒪᓕᒐᓕᐅᕐᕕᒡᔪᐊᒥ. ᑕᐃᑯᐊ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᐸᕐᓇᐅᑎᑦ ᓴᓇᔭᐅᕙᒃᑐᑦ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᓗᑎᒃ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑭᒡᓕᓕᐊᕈᑕᐅᕙᒃᑐᑦ ᑐᖓᕕᖏᑦ ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᓪᓗᑎᒡᓗ ᓇᐅᒃᑯᑦ ᖃᓄᐃᑦᑐᓂᒃ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᓂᐊᕐᒪᖓᑕ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖏᑦ. ᐅᖃᑦᑎᐊᒃᑲᓐᓂᕐᓗᒍ, ᑕᑯᒃᓴᐅᕗᑦ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᑦ 1, 2, 3 ᐊᒻᒪᓗ 4 ᓇᓃᓐᓂᐊᕐᒪᖓᑕ ᐃᓗᐊᓂ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖕᓂ. ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᖏᓄᑦ ᐸᕐᓇᐅᑏᑦ, ᐃᓚᒋᔭᐅᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐸᕐᓇᐅᑎᓄᑦ, ᓂᕈᑐᔪᓂᒃ ᑐᑭᓯᓂᐊᕈᑕᐅᑦᑎᐊᖃᑦᑕᕆᐊᓕᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᓱᖅᑕᐅᔭᕆᐊᖃᖅᓱᑎᒃ ᑕᐃᒃᑯᓄᖓ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖕᓄᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᔨᐅᖃᑕᐅᔪᓄᑦ ᐃᓚᒋᔭᐅᔭᕆᐊᓕᖕᓄᑦ, ᐱᔭᕆᖅᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᖅᓯᓚᐅᖏᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓴᕿᑎᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᖅᓯᓚᕆᓚᐅᖏᓂᖏᓐᓂ.
  • ᑭᖑᓕᕇᒃᑐᓂ ᐱᓕᕆᐊᖑᕙᓪᓕᐊᔪᑦ 3: ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᒪᓕᒐᖅᑎᒍᑦ ᐱᔪᓐᓇᐅᑕᐅᓂᐊᖅᑐᑦ ᐊᑐᓕᖅᑎᑦᑎᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᑕᐃᒃᑯᓂᖓ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᖏᓄᑦ ᐸᕐᓇᐅᑕᐅᔪᓂ ᐊᑐᓂ ᓴᐳᓐᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᕕᖕᓂ. ᑕᒪᒃᑯᐊ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᕙᖕᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᒪᓕᒐᖅᑎᒍᑦ ᐊᔪᖅᑎᑦᑎᖃᑕᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᑎᑭᑕᐅᑕᐃᓕᒪᔭᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᖏᓄᓪᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐱᓕᕆᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐊᔾᔨᒌᖏᑦᑑᑦ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᖏᑦ, ᒪᓕᒃᑐᓂᒃ ᑕᐃᑲᓂ ᑐᑭᒧᐊᒃᑕᐅᓯᒪᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ as ᐅᓂᒃᑳᖅᑕᐅᔪᓂ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᖏᓄᑦ ᐸᕐᓇᐅᑎᓂ. ᐅᒃᑐᑎᒃᓴᐃᑦ ᖃᓄᖅ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖕᓂ ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᑕᐅᕙᖕᒪᖓᑕ ᐊᑐᓕᖅᑎᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᒪᖓᑕ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᖕᓂᒃ ᐸᕐᓇᐅᑎᓂᒃ ᑕᑯᔭᒃᓴᐅᒋᕗᑦ ᑕᐃᑲᓂ ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᓯᒪᓂᖏᑦ 1-ᒥ.

ᐅᒃᑐᑎᒃᓴᐃᑦ ᖃᓄᖅ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖕᓂ ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᑕᐅᕙᖕᒪᖓᑕ ᐊᑐᓕᖅᑎᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᒪᖓᑕ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᐸᕐᓇᐅᑎᓂᒃ.

ᐅᒃᑐᑎᒃᓴᖅ 1

ᒪᓕᒃᑕᐅᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᑐᖓᕕᖏᑦ, ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᑦ 1 ᑐᕌᖓᕗᑦ ᓴᖏᔪᒥᒃ ᐊᔪᕐᓇᖅᑎᑦᑎᓂᖅ ᑕᐃᒪᒃ ᓴᐳᓐᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔭᕆᐊᖃᓗᐊᕐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᐊᔾᔨᐅᖏᑦᑐᖃᐅᕐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᐃᒪᐃᑦ ᓄᓇᖏᓪᓗᓐᓂᑦ ᑕᐅᕙᓂ ᐊᒃᑐᖅᑕᐅᓴᕋᐃᑦᑐᓐᓇᖅᑐᓂᒃ. ᑕᐃᒪᐃᓂᖓᓄᑦ, ᑕᒪᐃᓐᓂᓕᒪᑲᓴᒃ ᐱᓕᕆᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐊᔪᖅᑎᑕᐅᕙᒃᑐᑦ ᑕᒪᒃᑯᓇᓂ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᖏᓐᓂ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᑎᑭᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᖃᑦᑕᓐᖏᑦᑐᑦ ᑭᓯᐊᓂ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᔪᒐᔪᐃᑦᑐᒻᒪᕆᖕᒥ ᐱᔪᓐᓇᐅᑎᖃᖅᑎᑕᐅᓪᓗᑎᒃ. ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐊᑐᕐᓂᐊᖅᑐᑦ ᐊᔪᕐᓇᖅᑎᑦᑎᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᑎᑭᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ, ᐊᓯᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᑕᒃᑯᐊ ᐱᔪᓐᓇᐅᑎᓖᑦ ᐃᓚᖏᓐᓄᐊᕈᓐᓇᖅᑎᑕᐅᓗᑎᒃ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᖏᓐᓂ 1 ᐃᒪᖁᑎᖏᓐᓂ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐸᕐᓇᐅᑎᖓᒍᑦ. ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦᑕᐅᖅ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᒥᔪᑦ ᐱᔪᓐᓇᐅᑎᖃᖅᑎᑦᑎᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᐃᓚᖃᒃᑲᓐᓂᕐᓗᑎᒃ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᖓᒍᑎᒃ ᑭᓯᐊᓂ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᒪᓕᒐᖅᑎᑕᐅᓗᑎᒡᓗ ᑭᓯᐊᓂ, ᐅᔾᔨᖅᑐᑦᑎᐊᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᑕᒃᑯᐊ ᐱᓕᕆᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᑲᔪᓯᑎᑕᐅᓂᐊᕐᒪᑕ ᐱᔾᔪᑎᒃᓴᖃᑦᑎᐊᕐᓗᑎᒃ ᐱᑕᖃᕈᑕᐅᓂᖏᑦ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕖᑦ.

ᐅᒃᑐᑎᒃᓴᖅ 2

ᒪᓕᒃᑕᐅᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᑐᖓᕕᖏᑦ, ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᑦ 2 ᑐᕋᖓᕗᑦ ᑕᒪᐃᓐᓂ ᓴᐳᓐᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᔭᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᐊᔾᔨᖃᖏᓂᖏᑦ ᓄᓇᐃᑦ ᐃᒪᐃᓪᓗᓐᓃᑦ, ᐊᒃᑐᖅᑕᐅᓴᕋᐃᓂᖏᓐᓂᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐊᕙᑎᖏᓐᓂᒃ, ᐊᕙᑎᒥᐅᑕᕆᔭᖏᓪᓗ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᓕᑕᕐᓇᕈᑎᖃᕐᓂᖏᑦ, ᑕᒡᕗᓇᑦᓴᐃᓐᓇᖅ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕋᓗᐊᖅᓱᑎᒃ ᓱᓕ ᑕᒪᒃᑯᐊ ᐱᓕᕆᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᓲᕐᓗ ᑕᑯᓂᐊᕈᔾᔨᖃᑕᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ. ᐃᒪᕐᒥᐅᑕᓂᒃ ᐱᓇᓱᐊᕐᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᓲᕐᓗ ᐃᖃᓕᐊᕐᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂ, ᐊᖑᓇᓱᒡᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓪᓗ ᐊᔪᖅᑎᑕᐅᕗᑦ. ᑕᐃᒪᐃᓂᖓᓄᑦ, ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᓴᖏᓂᖃᕈᑕᐅᕗᑦ ᐊᔪᖅᑎᑦᑎᖃᑕᕐᓂᖅ ᐱᓇᓱᐊᖅᕕᐅᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᐊᖑᓇᓱᒡᕕᐅᑕᐃᓕᒪᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᑕᐃᒃᑯᓇᓂ ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᓯᒪᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᑦ 2 ᓴᐳᓐᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᕖᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᐸᕐᓇᐅᑎᖏᓐᓂ.

ᐅᒃᑐᑎᒃᓴᖅ 3

ᒪᓕᒃᑕᐅᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᑐᖓᕕᖏᑦ, ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᑦ 3 ᑐᕌᖓᕗᑦ ᓴᐳᓐᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᐆᒪᔪᕐᓄᑦ ᓇᔪᒐᕆᔭᐅᕙᒃᑐᑦ ᑕᒡᕗᓇᑦᓴᐃᓐᓇᕐᓗᓂ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕋᓗᐊᖅᓱᑎᒃ ᑎᑭᓯᒪᕝᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐱᓇᓱᐊᕐᕕᐅᖃᑕᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ. ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᓴᖏᓂᖃᕈᑕᐅᓂᐊᖅᑐᑦ ᐊᔪᕐᓇᖅᑎᑦᑎᓂᕐᒧᒃ ᑎᑭᓯᒪᕝᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᓐᖏᓂᕐᓗ ᐱᓕᕆᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᑕᐅᕙᓂ ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᓯᒪᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᖓᓂ 3, ᑕᐃᒪᑎᒋᑦ ᒪᓕᒃᑐᓂᒃ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᐅᓯᒪᔪᓂᒃ ᑕᐃᑲᓂ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐸᕐᓇᐅᑎᓂ ᐊᑐᓂ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖏᖕᓂ.

ᐅᒃᑐᑎᒃᓴᖅ 4

ᒪᓕᒃᑕᐅᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᑐᖓᕕᖏᑦ, ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᑦ 4 ᑐᕌᖓᕗᑦ ᐊᖏᓂᖅᐹᒥᒃ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᖃᑕᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᐅᓗᕆᐊᓇᕈᑕᐅᓂᐊᓐᖏᑦᑐᓂᒃ ᐊᑦᑕᕐᓇᕈᑕᐅᓂᖏᑦᑐᓂᒃ ᐊᕙᑎᖏᓐᓄᑦ, ᐊᕙᑎᒥᐅᑕᕆᔭᖏᓄᓪᓗ, ᐱᐅᓯᑐᖃᕆᔭᐅᔪᓄᓪᓗ ᓄᓇᐅᑉ ᐃᒪᐃᑦ ᐆᒪᔪᐃᑦ ᐅᕝᕙᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐱᑕᖃᐃᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐱᖁᑎᒋᔭᐅᖏᓐᓇᖅᑐᑦ ᐊᓐᓂᕐᓇᖅᑐᑎᖃᕐᓂᖏᑦ. ᑕᐃᒪᐃᓂᖓᓄᑦ, ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐊᑐᓕᖅᑎᑦᑎᓂᐊᖅᑐᑦ ᑕᒪᒃᑯᓂᖓ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᖅᑐᓂᒃ 4 ᓴᕿᑎᑦᑎᓂᐊᕐᒪᑕ ᑕᒪᐃᓐᓂᒃ ᐊᔪᕐᓇᖅᑎᑕᐅᓂᐊᖅᑐᓂᒃ, ᑎᑭᑕᐅᑕᐃᓕᒪᔭᕆᐊᓕᖕᓂᒃ, ᐊᖏᕈᑎᖃᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐱᔪᓐᓇᐅᑎᖃᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᑐᕌᖓᔪᓂᒃ ᐱᑕᖃᐃᓇᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᑕᐃᒪᐃᖏᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᓴᐳᓐᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᔭᕆᐊᖃᖅᑐᑦ ᐃᓱᒪᒋᓗᒋᑦ ᑕᒪᕐᒥᒃ ᐱᓕᕆᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐃᓗᐊᓂ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᐅᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖏᑦ.


ᐃᓱᒪᒋᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᖏᑦ ᐊᑕᔪᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᑐᖓᕕᒋᔭᐅᔪᓄᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᑕᐅᕙᓂᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐸᕐᓇᐅᑎᖏᓐᓄᑦ, ᐊᑲᐅᓂᖅᐹᖑᕗᖅ ᐊᑐᓕᖅᑎᑦᑎᕙᓪᓕᐊᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᑕᐃᒪᐃᖏᓐᓇᓚᖓᔪᓂᒃ, ᐊᑯᓂᐅᓂᐊᖅᑐᒧᑦ ᐊᑐᕐᓂᐊᖅᑐᓂᒃ, ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᕈᑎᒃᓴᓂᒃ ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᕙᖕᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᐱᓕᕆᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᓱᐃᓗᑎᒃ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᑐᕌᒐᕆᔭᐅᔪᓂᒃ. ᑕᒪᓐᓇ ᑐᑭᓕᒃ ᐊᔾᔨᒌᖏᑦᑑᑎᓂᒃ ᐊᑐᒐᒃᓴᖃᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᐊᖅᑐᑦ ᖃᓄᖅᑑᕈᑕᐅᕙᖕᓂᐊᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᖓᓪᓚᕆᖕᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐊᔾᔨᒋᖏᑦᑑᑎᐅᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᕙᖕᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᐃᓱᒪᓘᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᖅᑐᑦ ᒪᓕᒐᖃᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ, ᐱᓗᐊᖅᑐᒥᒃ ᐊᔾᔨᒋᔭᐅᖏᑦᑐᓂᒃ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᕕᖃᖅᑎᑕᐅᓂᖏᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᒪᑐᔭᐅᓯᒪᑲᐃᓐᓇᖃᑕᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ.

ᐊᔾᔨᒋᔭᐅᖏᑦᑐᓂᒃ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᕕᖃᖅᑎᑕᐅᓂᖏᑦ

ᐊᔾᔨᒋᔭᐅᖏᑦᑐᓂᒃ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᕕᖃᖅᑎᑕᐅᓗᑎᒃ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᕈᑕᐅᑦᑎᐊᑲᓂᕈᓐᓇᕐᒪᑕ ᑕᒪᒃᑯᓄᖓ ᓴᐳᓐᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᔭᕆᐊᓕᖕᓄᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓄᓪᓗ ᐊᒃᓱᕈᕐᓇᕈᑕᐅᕙᒃᑐᑦ ᐱᔾᔪᑕᐅᒐᒥᒃ ᐱᓕᕆᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᐃᓚᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᐊᔪᖅᑎᑦᑎᔭᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᖅ ᐅᕝᕙᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᑎᑭᑕᐅᑕᐃᓕᒪᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᐃᓚᐃᓐᓇᖏᓐᓂ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖕᓂ. ᐊᔾᔨᒋᔭᐅᖏᑦᑐᓂᒃ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᕕᖃᖅᑎᑕᐅᓂᖏᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᓂᐊᕈᑕᐅᖕᒪᑕ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᖓᓪᓚᕆᒃᑐᓂᒃ ᐱᓕᕆᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐃᓛᓐᓂᒃᑯᑦ, ᐅᕝᕙᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᖃᖓᖑᕌᖓᑦ ᐊᕐᕌᒍᒥ, ᐊᑯᓂᐅᓂᖅᓴᕐᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐱᔭᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᒪᓕᒃᑐᓂᒃ ᐅᔾᔨᖅᑐᑦᑎᐊᕈᒪᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐱᒻᒪᕆᐅᔪᓂᒃ ᓴᐳᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᒃᓴᖃᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐊᒃᑐᖅᑕᐅᓗᐊᖅᑕᐃᓕᒪᐃᓐᓇᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᐊᔪᕐᓇᖏᓂᓕᒪᒃᑯᑦ ᑕᐃᒃᑯᐊ ᑭᓇᒃᑯᑐᐃᓐᓇᐃᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥ ᓴᐳᓐᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᕕᖕᓂ ᐊᑐᖅᐸᒃᑐᑦ. ᖃᖓᑐᐃᓐᓇᖅ ᓴᕿᑎᑕᐅᖃᑕᕈᓐᓇᕐᒪᑕ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᑐᕋᖓᓗᑎᒃ ᓇᓕᐊᖕᓄᑐᐃᓐᓇᖅ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᐅᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ, ᑭᓯᐊᓂ ᐱᖑᖅᑎᑕᐅᓚᐅᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᑐᑭᓯᓂᐊᕈᑕᐅᑦᑎᐊᕆᐊᖃᖅᑐᑦ ᓄᓇᖃᖅᑳᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᔩᑦ ᑎᒥᖁᑎᖏᓐᓄᑦ, ᐃᓚᒋᔭᐅᔭᕆᐊᓕᖕᓄᓪᓗ ᒐᕙᒪᒃᑯᑦ ᐃᖃᓇᐃᔭᕐᕕᖁᑎᖏᓐᓄᑦ, ᐊᓯᖏᓄᓪᓗ ᐃᓚᐅᔭᕆᐊᖃᖅᑐᓄᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥ ᓴᐳᓐᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᕕᖕᓂ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᔨᐅᖃᑕᐅᕙᒃᑐᓂᒃ ᒪᓕᒐᓕᐊᕆᔭᐅᓚᐅᖏᓂᖏᓐᓂ. ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᓴᖏᓂᖃᕈᑕᐅᓂᐊᖅᑐᑦ ᑐᑭᓕᐅᖅᑕᐅᑦᑎᐊᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᖓᓂᐊᖅᑐᑦ ᐊᔾᔨᒋᔭᐅᖏᑦᑐᓂᒃ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐊᔪᖅᑎᑕᐅᓂᐊᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᑎᑭᑕᐅᑕᐃᓕᒪᔭᕆᐊᖃᖅᑎᑕᐅᔪᓂᒃ ᐱᓕᕆᕝᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᑎᑭᐅᒪᔪᓂᒃ ᑕᒪᐃᓐᓄᑦ ᐊᖏᖃᑎᒌᒍᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᓂᒃ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᔨᐅᖃᑕᐅᓂᒧᑦ ᐃᓚᒋᔭᐅᔪᓕᒫᓄᑦ. ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᓯᒪᓂᖏᑦ 1 ᐅᓂᒃᑲᕈᑏᑦ ᐃᓗᓕᖃᖅᑐᑦ ᐃᓚᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᐆᒃᑐᑎᒃᓴᐅᔪᓐᓇᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᖓᓕᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᒪᓕᒐᓕᐅᕈᑕᐅᔭᕆᐊᖃᓕᕋᔭᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᓴᕿᑎᑦᑎᓗᑎᒃ ᐊᔾᔨᒋᔭᐅᖏᑦᑐᓂᒃ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᕕᐅᔪᓂ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᔭᕆᐊᖃᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᑎᑭᐅᑎᔪᓐᓇᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥ ᓴᐳᓐᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᕕᖕᓂ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᑐᕌᒐᕆᔭᐅᔪᓂᒃ.

ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᓯᒪᓂᖏᑦ 1: ᐊᔾᔨᒋᔭᐅᖏᑦᑐᓂᒃ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᕕᖃᖅᑎᑕᐅᓂᖏᑦ ᐅᒃᑐᑎᒃᓴᐃᑦ

ᐱᓕᕆᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐊᔪᕐᓇᖅᑎᑕᐅᔪᑦ ᑕᐃᑯᓇᓂ ᐊᔾᔨᒋᔭᐅᖏᑦᑐᓂᒃ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᕕᐅᔪᓂ

ᐅᒃᑐᑎᒃᓴᖅ

ᐅᒥᐊᒃᑯᑦ ᑎᑭᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ

ᐅᒥᐊᒃᑯᑦ ᑎᑭᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᖃᑦᑕᔾᔮᖏᑦᑐᑦ ᑐᑭᓕᐅᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᓂ ᐊᕙᑎᖏᓐᓂ ᑕᐃᒃᑯᐊ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᐃᑦ ᓇᔪᖅᐸᒃᑕᖏᓐᓂ ᐅᕝᕙᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐆᒪᔪᖅᓯᐅᕐᕕᐅᒍᓇᔾᔮᖏᑦᑐᑦ ᓄᓕᐊᕐᓇᐅᓂᖓᓄ ᐅᒪᔪᓄᑦ.

ᑎᑭᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᑭᓇᑯᑐᐃᓐᓇᕐᓄᑦ ᓇᖏᐊᕐᓇᖅᑐᓖᑦ, ᐊᑦᑕᓇᖅᑐᓖᑦ

ᐊᔪᖅᑎᑕᐅᔪᑦ ᑎᑭᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᓇᖏᐊᕐᓇᖅᑐᓖᒃ, ᐊᑕᕐᓇᖅᑐᓖᑦ, ᓲᕐᓗ ᑕᒪᒃᑯᐊ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥ ᐅᔭᕋᓪᓛᓂᖓᒍᑦ ᓱᓗᓪᓖᐊᓗᐃᑦ ᐃᒪᒃᐸᓪᓕᐊᖏᓇᖅᑐᑦ, ᓴᐅᓂᐅᔭᖅᑐᓕᖕᓂᓗᓐᓂᑦ ᐃᖃᖓᓂ, ᐃᒫᓗᖕᒥᒃ ᐳᑐᐊᓗᒃᑯᑦ ᑎᖕᒥᑳᕐᕕᐅᕙᒃᑐᐊᓗᖕᓂᒃ ᓴᖏᔪᐊᓗᖕᒥᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᒪᓪᓕᕐᔪᐊᓕᕈᓐᓇᖅᑐᐊᓗᖕᓂᒃ ᐅᓗᕆᐊᓇᖅᑐᐊᓗᖕᓂᒃ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᐅᔪᑦ, ᖃᖓᑐᐃᓇᖅ ᐊᓄᕆᔪᐊᓘᓕᖅᐸᑦ.

ᐳᓛᕆᐊᖃᑦᑕᖅᑐᑦ

ᐊᒥᔅᓲᓂᖏᑦ ᐳᓚᕋᑦᑏᑦ ᐊᖏᖅᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᑎᑭᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᑕᑯᔭᐅᔪᒪᕙᒃᑐᑦ ᐅᕝᕙᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐊᓯᖏᑦ ᐃᓄᒋᐊᓗᐊᓕᕈᓇᖅᑐᑦ ᑖᑯᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᕙᒃᑐᓂ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐊᑲᐅᖏᓗᑕᐅᓕᕈᓐᓇᖅᑐᑦ ᐳᓚᕋᑦᑎᓄᑦ.

ᒪᑐᔭᐅᓯᒪᑲᐃᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ, ᐊᔪᕐᓇᖅᑎᑕᐅᑲᐃᓐᓇᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ, ᑎᑭᑕᐅᑦᑕᐃᓕᒪᑲᐃᓐᓇᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓪᓗ

ᒪᑐᔭᐅᓯᒪᑲᐃᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ, ᐊᔪᕐᓇᖅᑎᑕᐅᑲᐃᓐᓇᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ, ᑎᑭᑕᐅᑦᑕᐃᓕᒪᑲᐃᓐᓇᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓪᓗ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᕈᑕᐅᒋᕗᑦ ᕿᓚᒥᐊᓗᒃ ᑐᐊᕕᕐᓇᖅᑐᖃᖅᐸᑦ ᐊᓯᖏᓐᓂᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐃᓱᒫᓘᑕᐅᔪᖃᖅᐸᑦ ᒫᓐᓇᑲᐅᑎᒋ ᑲᒪᒋᔭᐅᔭᕆᐊᓕᖕᓂᒃ ᕿᓚᒥᐅᔪᒥᒃ. ᒪᓕᒐᓕᐅᕈᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᓐᓇᕐᒥᔪᑦ ᑕᒪᒃᑯᐊ ᐊᖏᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᖄᕆᐊᖃᕆᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᐃᓗᓕᖏᑦ ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐱᔪᓐᓇᐅᑕᐅᓂᐊᕐᒪᑕ ᕿᓚᒥᐊᓗᒃ ᒪᑐᔭᐅᔪᖃᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᒃ ᑕᐅᕙᓂ ᐅᕝᕙᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐊᔪᕐᓇᖅᑎᑕᐅᑲᐃᓐᓇᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᐅᕝᕙᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᑎᑭᑕᐅᑦᑕᐃᓕᒪᑎᑕᐅᓗᑎᒃ ᑕᐅᕙᓂ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᕈᑕᐅᔭᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᐃᓱᒪᓘᑕᐅᓕᖅᑐᑦ. ᑕᒪᓐᓇ ᓴᖏᓂᖃᕈᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᖅᑐᖅ ᑕᒫᓃ 30ᓂᒃ ᐅᓪᓗᓂᒃ ᐊᑯᓂᐅᑎᒋᔪᓐᓇᖅᑐᒥᒃ ᑕᐃᒪᐃᓕᖓᑎᑕᐅᓗᓂ. ᐊᑯᓂᐅᓂᐊᖅᓴᖅ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᔭᕆᐊᓖᑦ ᑲᔪᓯᑎᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᖅᑐᑦ ᓴᕿᑎᑦᑎᓗᑎᒃ ᐊᔾᔨᒋᔭᐅᓐᖏᑦᑐᓂᒃ ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᐊᓯᐊᒍᓪᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᓇᒻᒪᓈᕈᓐᓇᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᑲᔪᓯᓂᖓᓄᑦ ᐃᓱᒪᓗᑕᐅᔪᑦ.

ᐅᒃᑑᑎᒃᓴᐃᑦ ᖃᓄᖅ ᒪᑐᔭᐅᓯᒪᑲᐃᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ, ᐊᔪᕐᓇᖅᑎᑕᐅᑲᐃᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ, ᑎᑭᑕᐅᑦᑕᐃᓕᒪᑲᐃᓐᓇᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓪᓗ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᔭᕆᐊᖃᓕᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐃᓱᒪᓘᑕᐅᔪᓂᒃ ᒪᑭᓂᖓ ᐃᓚᖃᕋᔭᖅᑐᖅ:

  • ᐊᔪᖅᑎᑕᐅᑲᐃᓐᓇᕈᓐᓇᖅᑐᑦ ᐅᒥᐊᕆᔭᐅᔪᑦ ᓱᒃᑲᔭᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᐃᓚᖓᒍᑦ ᐃᒪᕐᒥ ᐱᔾᔪᑕᐅᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᓂᕆᐅᓇᖏᑦᑐᑦ ᐊᑲᐅᖏᓕᐅᕈᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐱᔾᔪᑎᓖᑦ ᐆᒪᔪᓂᒃ ᐊᒥᓲᖏᓗᐊᓕᕐᓂᕋᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᓄᑦ.
  • ᑎᑭᑕᐅᑦᑕᐃᓕᒪᑲᐃᓇᕈᓐᓇᖅᑐᑦ ᐃᒪᕐᒧᑦ ᑭᓇᒃᑯᑐᐃᓐᓇᕐᓄᑦ ᓇᖕᒋᐊᕐᓇᖅᑐᒃᑰᕐᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖓᓄᑦ ᐊᑕᕐᓇᖅᑐᖃᕐᓂᖓᓄᑦ.

ᐱᓗᐊᖅᑐᒥ ᑭᖑᓕᕇᒃᑐᓂ ᐱᓕᕆᐊᖑᕙᓪᓕᐊᔪᓂ ᐊᑐᓕᖅᑎᑦᑎᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐊᔪᖅᑎᑕᐅᑲᐃᓐᓇᖃᑕᕐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᒪᑐᔭᐅᓯᒪᑲᐃᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓪᓗ ᒪᑯᐊ ᐱᔾᔪᑎᖃᓗᐊᕋᔭᖅᑐᑦ:

  1. ᓂᕆᐅᒋᔭᐅᓚᐅᖏᑦᑐᓂᒃ ᑐᐊᕐᕕᕐᓇᖅᑐᖃᓯᒃᑳᓪᓚᒃᐸᑦ ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᓗᓂᓗ ᕿᓚᒥᐅᑲᐃᓇᕐᓂᐊᖅᑐᒥᒃ ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᔭᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᐊᓕᖅᑐᒥᒃ ᑕᐃᒪᒃ.
  2. ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᔨᐅᖃᑕᐅᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐃᓚᒋᔭᐅᔪᑦ ᑐᑭᓯᓂᐊᕐᕕᐅᓗᑎᒃ ᖃᓄᑎᒋ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᖓᓚᖓᒪᖓᑕ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᖃᓄᑎᒋ ᐊᔪᖅᑎᑕᐅᓯᒪᑲᐃᓐᓇᕐᓂᐊᕐᒪᖓᑕ ᐱᕕᒃᓴᖃᕐᓂᕈᑎᒃ.
  3. ᒪᓕᒐᖅᑎᒍᑦ ᓴᖏᓂᖃᕈᑎᑦ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᓂᖏᑦ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐃᑲᐃᓐᓇᕐᓂᐊᖅᑐᓄᑦ ᒪᑐᓯᓂᕐᒧᑦ, ᐊᔪᕐᓇᖅᑎᑦᑎᓂᕐᒧᑦ, ᑎᑭᑕᐅᑕᐃᓕᒪᑎᑦᑎᓂᕐᒧᓪᓗᓐᓃᑦ.
  4. ᖃᓄᐃᓕᖓᓂᖏ ᒪᑐᔭᐅᓯᒪᑲᐃᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ/ᐊᔪᖅᑎᑕᐅᓂᖏᑦ/ᑎᑭᑦᑕᐅᑦᑕᐃᓕᒪᓂᖏᓪᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᑕᒪᐃᓐᓄᑦ ᐊᒥᓱᓄᑦ ᑐᓴᒐᒃᓴᓕᐊᕆᔭᐅᓗᑎᒃ.
  5. ᒪᑐᔭᐅᓯᒪᑲᐃᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ/ᐊᔪᖅᑎᑕᐅᓂᖏᑦ/ᑎᑭᑦᑕᐅᑦᑕᐃᓕᒪᓂᖏᓪᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐊᑐᓕᖅᑎᑕᐅᓗᑎᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᒪᓕᒃᑕᐅᔭᕆᐊᖃᕐᓗᑎᒃ.


ᐅᖃᖃᑎᒌᓚᐅᖅᑕ ᑕᐃᒃᑯᓂᖓ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖕᓄᑦ ᒪᓕᒐᕐᓂᒃ /

ᐅᖃᐅᓯᒃᓴᖃᕐᕕᒋᔭᐃᑦ


ᐅᕙᑦᑎᓐᓂᒃ ᖃᐅᔨᑎᑦᑎᓂᐊᖅᐳᑎᑦ ᖃᓄᖅ ᐃᓱᒪᒋᖕᒪᖔᖅᐱᐅᒃ ᑕᒪᓐᓇ ᐱᒋᐊᖅᑎᑕᐅᔪᒪᔪᖅ.

ᐃᓱᒪᔭᑎᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᕆᓂᐊᖅᐸᑎᑦ ᐅᕙᑦᑎᓐᓄᑦ ᐱᐅᓯᒋᐊᕈᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᐊᕐᒪᑕ ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐱᒋᐊᖅᑎᑕᐅᔪᒪᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ.

ᓂᕆᐅᒃᑐᒍᑦ ᐅᑯᐊ ᓇᐃᓈᖅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᐅᓂᒃᑳᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᕐᓂᖃᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᐃᓱᒪᒋᔭᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᖃᓄᖅ ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐃᓕᖕᓂᒃ ᐊᒃᑐᖅᓯᓯᒪᔪᓐᓇᕐᒪᖓᑕ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐱᔫᒥᓴᐅᑕᐅᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᓂᓪᓕᐅᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᒃᓴᖃᕐᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᐃᓕᖕᓂᒃ. ᐃᓚᐅᖃᑕᐅᒍᕕᑦ ᐱᒻᒪᕆᖕᓂ ᐃᓚᒋᔭᐅᓂᐊᖅᑐᑦ ᑲᒪᒋᔭᐅᕙᓪᓕᐊᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᓴᕿᑎᑕᐅᕙᓪᓕᐊᔪᒪᔪᑦ ᒪᓕᒐᕆᔭᐅᓕᕈᓐᓇᖅᑐᑦ.

ᖁᔭᓕᑦᑎᐊᖅᑐᒍᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᒃᓴᓂᒃᓯᒪᔭᕐᓂᒃ ᖃᐃᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᓂᒃ ᐅᕙᑦᑎᓐᓄᑦ. ᐊᑏᑐᖅ ᑕᒪᒃᑯᐊ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᐅᕙᓪᓕᐊᓂᐊᖅᐳᑦ!

ᑕᑯᓐᓇᒐᖅᓴᐅᕗᖅ www.LetsTalkNMCAs.ca ᐃᑭᐊᖅᑭᕕᒃᑯᑦ ᐅᓪᓗᒥᒨᖓᔪᑦ, ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᑐᓴᕐᑎᑦᑎᔾᔪᑎᒋᓗᒍ ᐱᖃᓐᓇᕆᔭᕐᓄᑦ ᓴᓇᖃᑎᒋᔭᕐᓄᓪᓗ.

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    ᐅᖃᖃᑎᒌᓚᐅᖅᑕ ᑕᐃᒃᑯᓂᖓ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥ ᓴᐳᓐᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᕝᕕᖕᓄᑦ ᒪᓕᒐᓪᓗᑐᕐᓂᒃ

    ᐅᖃᐅᓯᒃᓴᖃᕐᕕᒋᔭᐃᑦ

    ᐅᕙᑦᑎᓐᓂᒃ ᖃᐅᔨᑎᑦᑎᓂᐊᖅᐳᑎᑦ ᖃᓄᖅ ᐃᓱᒪᒋᖕᒪᖔᖅᐱᐅᒃ ᑕᒪᓐᓇ ᐱᒋᐊᖅᑎᑕᐅᔪᒪᔪᖅ.

    ᐃᓱᒪᔭᑎᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᕆᓂᐊᖅᐸᑎᑦ ᐅᕙᑦᑎᓐᓄᑦ ᐱᐅᓯᒋᐊᕈᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᐊᕐᒪᑕ ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐱᒋᐊᖅᑎᑕᐅᔪᒪᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ.

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