What are National Marine Conservation Areas (NMCAs)?

    NMCAs are protected areas in the oceans and the Great Lakes established under the Canada National Marine Conservation Areas Act. National marine conservation areas include the seabed or lake bed and the water and ice, and may also take in wetlands, estuaries, islands and other coastal lands.

    What is a national marine conservation area reserve?

    A national marine conservation area reserve is a national marine conservation area that is within an area subject to one or more Indigenous land claim(s) accepted for negotiation by the Government of Canada. A national marine conservation area reserve is established and managed in the same manner as a national marine conservation area, but the status of the area is subject to the final resolution of Indigenous claims.

    What is the purpose of national marine conservation areas?

    National marine conservation areas are established to protect and conserve representative marine and Great Lakes regions for the benefit, education and enjoyment of the people of Canada and the world. Eight management goals described in the updated Policy on the Establishment and Management of National Marine Conservation Areas guide Parks Canada’s work to achieve the purpose of NMCAs.

    How many national marine conservation areas are there and where are they located?

    There are five national marine conservation areas. Only one - Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve, National Marine Conservation Area Reserve, and Haida Heritage Site in British Columbia – is established under the Canada National Marine Conservation Areas Act. Other operating sites include Lake Superior National Marine Conservation Area in Ontario, Tallurutiup Imanga National Marine Conservation Area in Nunavut, and Fathom Five National Marine Park in Ontario. Saguenay-St. Lawrence Marine Park in Quebec is established under its own legislation. Several other sites are proposed and are at various stages in the establishment process.

    How are national marine conservation areas established?

    National marine conservation areas are established in a manner set out in the updated Policy on the Establishment and Management of National Marine Conservation Areas and guided by the national system plan. Parks Canada's goal is to represent each of the 29 marine regions.

    How are national marine conservation areas managed?

    National marine conservation areas are managed to meet the needs of present and future generations without compromising ecological sustainability. Successful management of any Parks Canada protected area is founded on cooperation and collaboration. National marine conservation area management involves working closely with others who use the waters, lands, ice, and living resources to maintain a healthy, sustainable ecosystem. The general regulations will complement the Act, relevant policies, site establishment agreements, management plans and other components of the overall framework for the establishment and management of national marine conservation areas.

    Why is Parks Canada developing general regulations for national marine conservation areas?

    Regulations are instruments of legislative power and have the force of law. Parks Canada is developing regulations to ensure that activities and uses taking place in national marine conservation areas are conducted in a manner compatible with the goals of these special places. General regulations will provide nationally consistent and enforceable tools applicable to national marine conservation areas established under the Canada National Marine Conservation Areas Act from coast to coast to coast and including the Great LakesThe proposed regulations will include general restrictions and prohibitions applicable to all national marine conservation areas as well as permit requirements and authorities that can be used to manage activities specific to the context and environment of each national marine conservation area.

    How are regulations created?

    Federal regulations are developed following a process described in the Cabinet Directive on Regulation. This Directive requires that: 

    • regulations protect and advance the public interest and support good government; 
    • the regulatory process is modern, open, and transparent; 
    • regulatory decision-making is evidence-based; and 
    • regulations support a fair and competitive economy. 

    The development of regulations must be informed by broad engagement and consultation with parties that can be impacted by the regulations.   

    Departments and agencies must also conduct a Regulatory Impact Analysis on all regulatory proposals. The Regulatory Impact Analysis must examine potential positive and negative effects of a regulatory proposal on the health, safety, security, social and economic well-being of Canadians, businesses, and on the environment. Regulators must demonstrate that the benefits to Canadians outweigh the costs. The outcome of the Regulatory Impact Analysis will be a non-technical synthesis of expected impacts called the Regulatory Impact Analysis Statement. Once complete, the Regulatory Impact Analysis Statement and the draft proposed regulation will be pre-published in Part I of the Canada Gazette for a 30-day public comment period. Input received during the consultation will inform revisions to create the final version of the regulations, which will come into force following their publication in Part II of the Canada Gazette.

    When is Parks Canada planning on implementing these proposed general regulations?

    Parks Canada is working diligently to develop the proposed regulations in accordance with the rigorous process set out in the Cabinet Directive on Regulation, considering the input that will be received during engagement activities.  Although there are many elements that could impact the timeline, Parks Canada currently expects that the proposed regulations could be in place by early 2026 in national marine conservation areas that will be fully established under the Canada National Marine Conservation Areas Act at that time.

    What activities are allowed in a national marine conservation area?

    A range of activities and uses may be allowed in national marine conservation areas, including fishing, navigation and recreation and tourism activities (e.g. boating, scuba diving, swimming). These activities must be done in an ecologically sustainable manner and in alignment with the purpose of national marine conservation areas.

    Are there activities and uses that will be prohibited in national marine conservation areas as a result of the regulations?

    The regulations are proposing a suite of general provisions that will allow each site, through the issuance of permits and other forms of authorizations, to set terms and conditions on how allowable activities and uses can take place within national marine conservation areas. The proposed regulations will provide tools to enforce zoning plans, which are prepared for each national marine conservation area. The regulations are also proposing provisions to enable the quick closure of areas in response to an emergency or unanticipated event, and to delineate special management areas where certain activities or uses can be subject to restrictions or conditions.

    Will the regulations result in costs to national marine conservation area users?

    As cornerstones of Canada’s tourism industry, Parks Canada administered places are committed to providing visitors with affordable and high quality and meaningful visitor experiences and supporting tourism in communities across the country.  

    Parks Canada is funded through a combination of federal budget appropriations and service fees. Revenues from service fees are reinvested into operations and support the enjoyment and conservation of national historic sites, national parks, and national marine conservation areas. These fees are reinvested to support visitor programs, services, and facilities, such as interpretive panels and exhibits, trail maintenance, salary expenses, signage, marketing, visitor safety, communication and trip planning support for visitors. Visitor fees never exceed the costs of delivering the services to visitors; they only ever recover a portion of the costs, keeping visitor experiences affordable.

    Like in other protected heritage areas, some of the services offered to NMCAs users will have associated fees. The proposed regulations include provisions for permits and other forms of authorizations. In some cases, the activities or uses will be subject to a fee. Parks Canada is committed to ensuring that the fees charged to visitors are affordable, represent good value for Canadians and do not unduly limit the enjoyment and accessibility of national marine conservation areas.


    ᑭᓲᕙᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ (NMCAs)?

    ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᕗᑦ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᑕᓯᕐᔪᐊᓂᓗ   ᓴᖅᑭᑕᐅᔪᓄᑦ  ᐃᓗᐊᓂ   ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪ  ᐱᖁᔭᕐᔪᐊᖅ. ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᐱᖃᓯᐅᔾᔨᔪᑦ ᑕᕆᐅᑉ ᐃᖅᑲᖓᓂᒃ ᑕᓯᐅᓪᓗ ᐃᖅᑲᖓᓂᒃ ᐃᒥᕐᓂᒃ, ᓯᑯᓂᒡᓗ, ᐃᒪᖅᓱᖕᓃᑦᑐᓐᓇᕆᓪᓗᑎᒃ, ᑰᑦ ᖃᓂᖏᓐᓂ, ᕿᑭᖅᑕᓂ ᐊᓯᓂᓗ ᓯᒡᔭᓃᑦᑐᓂ ᓄᓇᓂ.

    ᑭᓲᖕᒪᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᖅ ᐃᓂᓕᐅᖅᓯᒪᔪᖅ?

    ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ  ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ ᐃᓂᓕᐅᖅᓯᒪᔪᑦ   ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᕗᑦ  ᐃᓗᐊᓃᓪᓗᓂ  ᐃᓂᐅᑉ  ᒪᓕᒃᑐᒧᑦ  ᐊᑕᐅᓯᕐᒧᑦ   ᐅᖓᑖᓄᓪᓘᓐᓃᑦ  ᓄᓇᖃᖅᑳᖅᑐᓄᑦ  ᓄᓇᑖᕈᑎᒧᑦ (ᓄᑦ) ᐊᖏᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ  ᐋᔩᕐᓂᕐᓄᑦ   ᑲᓇᑕᐅᑉ ᒐᕙᒪᖓᓄᑦ.  ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ  ᐃᓂᓕᐅᖅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᓴᖅᑭᑕᐅᕗᑦ  ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᓪᓗᑎᒡᓗ  ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᖏᑎᑐᑦ     ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᑐᑦ , ᑭᓯᐊᓂ  ᐃᓂᐅᑉ  ᖃᓄᐃᓕᖓᓂᖓ   ᑐᙵᔪᖅ  ᑭᖑᓪᓕᖅᐹᒧᑦ  ᖃᓄᖅᑑᖅᑕᐅᔪᒧᑦ   ᓄᓇᖃᖅᑳᖅᑐᓄᑦ  ᐱᔭᐅᔪᓄᑦ.

    ᑭᓱ ᐊᑑᑎᒋᕙᐅᒃ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔫᑉ?

    ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ  ᓴᖅᑭᑕᐅᓲᑦ  ᓴᐳᑎᓂᐊᕋᒥᒃ  ᓄᖑᔾᔭᐃᕐᓗᒋᓪᓗ   ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ ᑕᓯᕐᔪᐊᓂᓗ ᐱᕚᓪᓕᕈᑕᐅᓗᑎᒃ,  ᐃᓕᔾᔪᑕᐅᓗᑎᒃ  ᐊᓕᐊᓇᐃᒋᔭᐅᓗᑎᒃ   ᐃᓄᖏᓐᓄᑦ  ᑲᓇᑕᐅᑉ  ᓄᓇᕐᔪᐊᓪᓗ.   ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᓂᕐᓄᑦ  ᑎᑭᑕᐅᓇᓱᒃᑐᑦ ᓄᑖᕈᖅᓯᒪᔪᓄᑦ  ᐊᑐᐊᒐᕐᒧᑦ  ᓴᖅᑭᑕᐅᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ  ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᓂᖏᓐᓄᓪᓗ  ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᑐᕌᕈᑎᒥ. ᒥᕐᖑᐃᖅᓯᕐᕕᓕᕆᔨᒃᑯᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥᒃᑯᑦ ᐱᓕᕆᔭᖏᑦ ᐊᑐᓕᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᐊᑑᑎᖏᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ.

    ᖃᔅᓯᐅᕙᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᓇᓃᑉᐸᓪᓗ?

    ᑕᓪᓕᒪᐅᕗᑦ  ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ. ᐊᑕᐅᓯᑐᐊᖅ - ᒍᐊᐃ ᕼᐋᓇᔅ   ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᒥᕐᖑᐃᖅᓯᕐᕕᒃ  ᐃᓂᓕᐅᖅᓯᒪᔪᖅ, ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᓄᑦ  ᐃᓂᓕᐅᖅᓯᒪᔪᖅ, ᕼᐊᐃᑕ  ᐃᑦᑕᕐᓂᓴᖃᕐᕕᒃ ᐳᕆᑎᔅ  ᑲᓚᒻᐱᐊᒥ – ᓴᖅᑭᑕᐅᔪᖅ  ᐃᓗᐊᓂ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᓄᑦ  ᐱᖁᔭᕐᔪᐊᖅ.  ᐊᓰᑦ  ᐊᐅᓚᔪᑦ  ᐃᓃᑦ  ᐱᖃᓯᐅᔾᔨᔪᑦ ᑕᓯᕐᔪᐊᖅ  ᓱᐱᐅᕆᐅ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ   ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ   ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᖅ ᐊᓐᑎᕆᐅᒥ,  ᑕᓪᓗᕈᑎᐅᑉ  ᐃᒪᖓ  ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᖅ  ᓄᓇᕘᒥ,   ᕙᑕᒻ ᕙᐃᕝ   ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᒥᕐᖑᐃᖅᓯᕐᕕᒡᓗ   ᐊᓐᑎᕆᐅᒥ. ᓴᒐᓂ−ᓴᐃᓐᑦ   ᓗᐊᕋᓐᔅ    ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ   ᒥᕐᖑᐃᖅᓯᕐᕕᒃ   ᑯᐸᐃᒃᒥ ᓴᖅᑭᓪᖢᓂ ᓇᖕᒥᓂᕐᒥᓄᑦ ᐱᖁᔭᓕᐊᓄᑦ. ᖃᔅᓯᑲᓪᓚᑦ ᐃᓃᑦ ᓴᖅᑎᑕᐅᔪᒪᔪᑦ ᐊᔾᔨᒌᖏᑦᑐᓂᓗ ᐱᓕᕝᕕᐅᓕᖅᖢᑎᒃ ᓴᖅᑭᑕᐅᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ.

    ᖃᓄᖅ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᓴᓇᔭᐅᓲᖑᕙᑦ?

    ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ  ᓴᖅᑭᑕᐅᕗᑦ  ᒪᓕᒃᖢᒋᑦ  ᐋᖅᑭᒃᓯᒪᔪᑦ   ᓄᑖᕈᕆᐊᖅᓯᒪᔪᒥ  ᐊᑐᐊᒐᕐᒧᑦ  ᓴᖅᑭᑕᐅᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ  ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᓂᖏᓐᓄᓪᓗ  ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᓄᑦ ᑐᕌᖅᑎᑕᐅᓪᓗᑎᒡᓗ ᑲᓇᑕᒧᑦ ᑭᓱᓕᕆᓂᕐᓄᑦ  ᐸᕐᓇᐅᑎᒧᑦ.  ᒥᕐᖑᐃᖅᓯᕐᕕᓕᕆᔨᒃᑯᑦ  ᑲᓇᑕᒥᒃᑯᑦ  ᑭᒡᒐᖅᑐᐃᓇᓱᒃᑐᑦ  ᐊᑐᓂ 29 ᐃᒪᕐᓂᒃ.

    ᖃᓄᖅ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᕙᑦ?

    ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᔪᑦ  ᓈᒻᒪᒃᑐᑦ   ᐊᑐᕆᐊᓖᑦ ᐱᔪᓐᓇᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ  ᒫᓐᓇᐅᔪᖅ ᓯᕗᓂᕐᒥᓗ  ᐃᓅᔪᑦ ᐆᒪᔫᖃᑎᒌᖏᑦᑐᑦ  ᑲᔪᓰᓐᓇᕈᓐᓇᕐᓗᑎᒃ   ᐅᓄᕐᓗᑎᒃ. ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᑦᑎᐊᕐᓂᖅ  ᓇᓕᐊᑐᐃᓐᓇᕐᒥᒃ ᒥᕐᖑᐃᖅᓯᕐᕕᓕᕆᔨᒃᑯᑦ  ᑲᓇᑕᒥᒃᑯᑦ  ᓴᐳᑎᓯᒪᔭᖏᑦ  ᓴᖅᑭᑕᐅᕗᑦ   ᑲᑐᔾᔨᓂᒃᑯᑦ  ᐱᓕᕆᖃᑎᒌᖕᓂᒃᑯᓪᓗ.  ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᓂᖏᑦ  ᐱᖃᓯᐅᔾᔨᔪᑦ   ᐱᓕᕆᖃᑎᖃᑦᑎᐊᕐᓂᕐᓂᒃ  ᐊᓯᓐᒃ  ᐊᑐᓲᓂᒃ  ᐃᒪᕐᓂᒃ,  ᓄᓇᓂᒃ  ᓯᑯᓂᒃ  ᐆᒪᔪᓂᒡᓗ ᐊᑐᒐᒃᓴᓂᒃ ᖃᓄᐃᖏᑦᑐᒃᑯᑦ  ᐱᑕᖃᐃᓐᓇᕐᓂᐊᕐᒪᑦ  ᖃᓄᐃᖏᑦᑐᓂᒃ  ᑲᔪᓰᓐᓇᕈᓐᓇᖅᑐᓂᒃ   ᐆᒪᔫᖃᑎᒌᖏᑦᑐᓂᒃ.  ᒪᓕᒋᐊᓖᑦ ᐃᑲᔫᑕᐅᓂᐊᖅᑐᑦ  ᐱᖁᔭᕐᔪᐊᕐᒧᑦ,   ᐊᑐᖅᑐᓄᑦ  ᐊᑐᐊᒐᓄᑦ,  ᐃᓃᑦ  ᐋᖅᑭᒃᑕᐅᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ  ᐊᖏᖃᑎᒌᒍᑏᑦ,   ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᓂᕐᓄᑦ ᐸᕐᓇᐅᑏᑦ  ᐊᓯᖏᓪᓗ  ᐃᓗᐃᑦᑐᒃᑯᑦ   ᑐᙵᕕᖕᓄᑦ  ᓴᖅᑭᑕᐅᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ  ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᓂᕐᓄᓪᓗ   ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᓂᒃ.

    ᖃᓄᐃᒻᒪᑦ ᒥᕐᖑᐃᖅᓯᕝᕕᓕᕆᔨᒃᑯᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥᒃᑯᑦ ᓴᓇᕙᑦ ᒪᓕᒐᕐᓂᒃ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᓄᑦ ?

    ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐱᓕᕆᔾᔪᑕᐅᕗᑦ  ᒪᓕᒐᓕᐅᕐᓂᒃᑯᑦ  ᓄᑭᓄᑦ  ᐱᖁᔭᐃᓪᓗ  ᐊᑐᕐᓗᑎᒃ.  ᒥᕐᖑᐃᖅᓯᕐᕕᓕᕆᔨᒃᑯᑦ  ᑲᓇᑕᒥᒃᑯᑦ  ᓴᓇᔪᑦ  ᒪᓕᒋᐊᓕᖕᓂᒃ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᖅᑕᐅᔪᑦ  ᐊᑐᕐᓃᓪᓗ   ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᔪᑦ  ᐃᓗᐊᓂ  ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᐱᓕᕆᔭᐅᓗᑎᒃ  ᒪᓕᒃᑐᓄᑦ   ᖃᓄᐃᑕᐅᓇᓱᒃᑐᓄᑦ  ᑖᒃᑯᓄᖓ  ᐊᑐᐃᓐᓇᐅᖏᑦᑐᓄᑦ   ᐃᓂᓄᑦ.  ᒪᓕᒋᐊᓖᑦ  ᐱᕕᖃᖅᑎᑦᑎᓂᐊᖅᑐᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᐃᒪᐃᖏᓐᓇᖅᑐᓂᒃ   ᒪᓕᒃᑎᑕᒃᓴᓂᒡᓗ  ᓴᓇᕐᕈᑎᓂᒃ  ᐊᑐᖅᑐᓄᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᓄᑦ  ᓴᖅᑭᑕᐅᔪᑦ  ᐃᓗᐊᓂ  ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ  ᐱᖁᔭᕐᔪᐊᑉ  ᓯᒡᔭᒥᑦ  ᓯᒡᔭᒧᑦ  ᑕᓯᕐᔪᐊᓂᓗ.   ᒪᓕᒐᓕᐊᕆᔭᐅᔪᒪᔪᑦ  ᐱᖃᓯᐅᔾᔨᓂᐊᖅᑐᑦ   ᐱᕕᑭᑎᑦᑎᔪᓂᒃ ᐱᓕᕆᔭᕆᐊᖃᖏᑦᑐᓂᒡᓗ  ᐊᑐᖅᑐᓄᑦ  ᑕᒪᒃᑮᓄᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᓄᑦ  ᐱᖃᓯᐅᓪᓗᒋᑦ  ᐱᔪᓐᓇᐅᑎᖃᕆᐊᓖᑦ   ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᔨᓂᒡᓗ  ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᓂᐊᖅᑐᓂᒃ  ᐱᓕᕆᔪᓂᒃ   ᑐᕌᖅᑐᓄᑦ  ᑐᑭᓯᔭᐅᓂᖓᓄᑦ  ᐊᕙᑎᖏᓐᓄᓪᓗ   ᐊᑐᓂ  ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ.

    ᖃᓄᖅ ᒪᓕᒋᐊᓖᑦ ᓴᓇᔭᐅᕙᑦ?

    ᒐᕙᒪᑐᖃᒃᑯᑦ  ᒪᓕᒋᐊᓕᖏᑦ   ᓴᓇᔭᐅᕗᑦ ᐱᓕᕆᔾᔪᓯᐅᓚᐅᕐᓗᓂ  ᐅᖃᐅᓯᕆᔭᐅᔪᖅ ᒪᓕᒐᓕᐅᖅᑎᓄᑦ  ᑎᓕᐅᕈᑎᒥ  ᒪᓕᒐᓕᐅᕐᓂᕐᓄᑦ. ᑖᓐᓇ  ᑎᓕᐅᕈᑎ  ᒪᓕᒋᐊᖃᖅᑎᑦᑎᔪᖅ:     

    • ᒪᓕᒋᐊᓖᑦ  ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕗᑦ   ᓯᕗᒧᐊᖅᑎᖦᖢᒋᓪᓗ  ᐃᓄᓕᒫᑦ  ᐱᔪᒪᓇᖏᑦ   ᐃᑲᔪᖅᖢᑎᒡᓗ  ᒐᕙᒪᑦᑎᐊᖑᓂᕐᓂᒃ; 
    • ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᓂᕐᓄᑦ  ᐱᓕᕆᔾᔪᓯᖅ   ᐅᓪᓗᒥᓯᐅᑕᐅᔪᖅ,  ᐊᑐᐃᓐᓇᐅᔪᖅ  ᓴᖅᑭᔮᖅᖢᓂᓗ; 
    • ᒪᓕᒋᐊᓕᖕᓄᑦ  ᖃᓄᖅᑑᕐᓂᖅ   ᖃᐅᔨᒪᔭᐅᔪᓄᑦ  ᑐᙵᔪᖅ;  ᐊᒻᒪᓗ  
    • ᒪᓕᒋᐊᓖᑦ  ᐃᑲᔪᖅᑐᑦ   ᓈᒻᒪᒃᑐᒥᒃ  ᓇᓕᒧᑦᑐᓂᒡᓗ  ᑮᓇᐅᔭᖃᕐᓂᕐᓂᒃ.   

    ᒪᓕᒋᐊᓖᑦ  ᓴᓇᔭᐅᓂᖏᑦ   ᑐᓴᐅᒪᔭᐅᑎᑕᐅᔭᕆᐊᓖᑦ  ᑲᑎᖃᑎᒌᕈᓘᔭᕐᓂᕐᓄᑦ  ᑐᓴᕋᖕᓂᕐᓄᓪᓗ   ᐃᓚᐅᔪᓄᑦ  ᐊᒃᑐᖅᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᖅᑐᓄᑦ  ᒪᓕᒋᐊᓕᖕᓄᑦ.   

    ᐱᓕᕆᕝᕖᑦ  ᑎᒦᓪᓗ  ᕿᒥᕐᕈᔭᕆᐊᓖᑦ ᒪᓕᒋᐊᓕᖕᓂᑦ  ᐊᒃᑐᐃᓂᕐᓂᒃ   ᑕᒪᒃᑮᓄᑦ  ᒪᓕᒐᓕᐅᕈᒪᔪᓄᑦ.  

    ᒪᓕᒋᐊᓕᖕᓂᑦ  ᐊᑦᑯᓂᕐᓂᒃ  ᕿᒥᕐᕈᓃᑦ   ᑕᑯᓇᒋᐊᖃᖅᐳᑦ  ᐱᐅᔪᓂᒃ  ᐱᐅᖏᑦᑐᓂᒡᓗ   ᐊᒃᑐᐃᓂᐅᑐᐃᓐᓇᕆᐊᓕᖕᓂᒃ  ᒪᓕᒐᓕᐅᕐᓂᕐᓂᑦ  ᖃᓄᐃᖏᓐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ,   ᐊᑦᑕᕐᓇᖏᑦᑐᒦᓐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ,  ᐅᓗᕆᐊᓇᖏᑦᑐᒦᓐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ,  ᐃᓅᓯᒃᑯᑦ   ᑮᓇᐅᔭᑎᒍᓪᓗ  ᖃᓄᐃᖏᓐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ  ᑲᓇᑕᒥᐅᓄᑦ,  ᐱᓯᓇᓯᓄᑦ,  ᐊᕙᑎᓄᓪᓪᓗ.   ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᔩᑦ  ᓴᖅᑭᔮᖅᑎᑦᑎᔭᕆᐊᓖᑦ   ᐱᕚᓪᓕᕈᑏᑦ  ᑲᓇᑕᒥᐅᓄᑦ  ᐅᓄᕐᓂᖅᓴᐅᕗᑦ   ᐊᑭᓂᑦ.  ᖃᓄᐃᓕᖅᑐᑦ ᒪᓕᒋᐊᓕᖕᓂᑦ  ᐊᑦᑯᓂᕐᓂᒃ  ᕿᒥᕐᕈᔭᕆᐊᓕᖕᓂᑦ   ᑐᑭᓯᓇᖅᑐᒃᑯᑦ  ᓇᐃᓈᖅᓯᒪᔪᓂᒃ  ᓂᕆᐅᒋᔭᐅᔪᓄᑦ   ᐊᒃᑐᐃᓂᕐᓄᑦ  ᑕᐃᔭᐅᔪᖅ ᒪᓕᒋᐊᓕᖕᓂᑦ  ᐊᑦᑯᓂᕐᓂᒃ   ᕿᒥᕐᕈᔭᕆᐊᓕᖕᓂᑦ  ᐅᓂᒃᑳᕐᒥᒃ.  ᐱᔭᕇᕈᓂ  ᒪᓕᒋᐊᓕᖕᓂᑦ  ᐊᒃᑐᐃᓂᕐᓂᒃ   ᕿᒥᕐᕈᔭᕆᐊᓕᖕᓂᑦ  ᐅᓂᒃᑳᖅ ᐱᒋᐊᕈᑏᓪᓗ ᒪᓕᒐᙳᖁᔭᐅᔪᑦ  ᑎᑎᕋᖅᑕᐅᕙᒌᓛᖅᑐᑦ   ᐃᓚᖓ 1ᒥ  ᑲᓇᑕ  ᒐᓴᑦᒥ  30 ᐅᓪᓗᓄᑦ  ᐃᓄᓕᒫᓄᑦ   ᐅᖃᕐᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᐊᕋᒥᒃ. ᑐᓴᖅᑕᐅᔪᑦ  ᑐᓴᕋᓱᖕᓂᕐᓂᑦ  ᑐᓴᐅᒪᔾᔪᑕᐅᓂᐊᖅᑐᑦ   ᐱᐅᓯᒋᐊᕈᑎᓄᑦ ᑭᖑᓪᓕᖅᐹᒧᑦ  ᐋᖅᑭᒍᑕᐅᓗᑎᒃ  ᒪᓕᒐᕐᓄᑦ,   ᐊᑐᓕᕐᓗᑎᒃ  ᑎᑎᕋᖅᑕᐅᔭᕇᕈᑎᒃ  ᐃᓚᖓ 2ᒥ   ᑲᓇᑕ  ᒐᓴᑦᒥ.     

    ᖃᖓ ᒥᕐᖑᐃᖅᓯᕐᕕᓕᕆᔨᒃᑯᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥᒃᑯᑦ ᐊᑐᓕᖅᑎᑦᑎᔪᒪᕙᑦ ᒪᓕᒐᓕᐊᕆᔭᐅᔪᒪᔪᓂᒃ?

    ᒥᕐᖑᐃᖅᓯᕐᕕᓕᕆᔨᒃᑯᑦ  ᑲᓇᑕᒥᒃᑯᑦ  ᐱᓕᕆᓪᓚᒃᑐᑦ  ᒪᓕᒐᓕᐊᕆᔭᐅᔪᒪᔪᓄᑦ  ᒪᓕᒃᖢᒋᑦ   ᐱᓪᓕᕆᔾᔪᓰᑦ  ᐋᖅᑭᒃᓯᒪᔪᑦ  ᒪᓕᒐᓕᐅᖅᑎᓄᑦ  ᑎᓕᐅᕈᑎᒥ  ᒪᓕᒐᓕᐅᕐᓂᕐᓄᑦ,  ᐃᓱᒪᒋᓪᓗᒍ  ᑐᓴᕐᓂᐊᕐᒪᑕ   ᑲᑎᑲᑕᖕᓂᒃᑯᑦ.  ᑭᓱᕈᓘᔭᖃᕋᓗᐊᖅᖢᓂ  ᐊᒃᑐᐃᑐᐃᓐᓇᕆᐊᓕᖕᓂᒃ ᖃᖓᒧᑦ  ᐱᓕᕆᔭᐅᔪᓂᒃ,      ᒥᕐᖑᐃᖅᓯᕐᕕᓕᕆᔨᒃᑯᑦ  ᑲᓇᑕᒥᒃᑯᑦ ᒫᓐᓇᐅᔪᖅ  ᓂᕆᐅᒃᑐᑦ   ᒪᓕᒐᓕᐊᕆᔭᐅᔪᑦ  ᐊᑐᓕᕈᓐᓇᖅᐳᑦ  ᐱᒋᐊᕐᓂᖓᓂ 2026  ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᓄᑦ  ᐊᑐᓕᑦᑎᐊᕐᓂᐊᖅᑐᓄᑦ  ᐃᓗᐊᓂ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ   ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓱᑲᔪᓄᑦ   ᐱᖁᔭᕐᔪᐊᑉ   ᑕᐃᑲᓂ.

    ᑭᓱᑦ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᕐᓃᑦ ᐱᓕᕆᔭᐅᔪᓐᓇᖅᐸᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᓂ?

    ᐊᔾᔨᒌᖏᑦᑐᑦ  ᐱᓕᕆᐊᒃᓴᑦ  ᐊᑐᒐᒃᓴᓪᓗ   ᐊᔪᙱᑎᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᖅᑐᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᓄᑦ  ᐱᖃᓯᐅᓪᓗᒋᑦ  ᐃᖃᓗᒐᓱᖕᓃᑦ,   ᓅᒃᑕᕐᓃᑦ  ᐊᓯᒍᐃᔭᕐᓃᑦ  ᐳᓚᕋᑎᓄᓪᓗ   ᐱᓕᕆᐊᒃᓴᑦ (ᓲᕐᓗ  ᐅᒥᐊᖅᑐᖅᑐᑦ,  ᐊᖅᑲᐅᒪᔪᑦ   ᐳᐃᔾᔪᕌᖅᑐᑦ)  ᑖᒃᑯᐊ  ᐱᓕᕆᐊᒃᓴᑦ ᐱᓕᕆᔭᐅᔭᕆᐊᖃᖅᑐᑦ  ᐆᒪᔪᑦ  ᓄᖑᖏᓪᓗᑎᒃ  ᒪᓕᒡᓗᒡᑎᒡᓗ   ᐊᑑᑎᖏᓐᓄᑦ  ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᓄᑦ.

    ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᕐᓃᑦ ᐊᑐᕐᓃᓪᓘᓐᓃᑦ ᐊᑐᖁᔭᐅᔮᙱᓚᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᓂ ᒪᓕᒐᑦ ᐱᔾᔪᑎᒋᓪᓗᒋᑦ?

    ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ  ᖃᔅᓯᓂᒃ  ᐱᕕᓕᐅᖅᓯᒪᕗᑦ   ᐱᕕᖃᕈᑕᐅᓗᑎᒃ  ᐊᑐᓂᓄᑦ  ᐃᓂᓄᑦ,  ᑐᓂᔭᐅᓂᒃᑯᑦ  ᐱᔪᓐᓇᐅᑎᓂᒃ   ᐊᓯᓂᒡᓗ ᐊᔪᖏᔾᔪᑎᓂᒃ,  ᐋᖅᑭᒡᓗᒋᑦ  ᐊᑐᕆᐊᓖᑦ   ᒪᓕᒋᐊᓖᓪᓗ  ᖃᓄᑎᒋ  ᐱᔪᓐᓇᖁᔭᐅᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ   ᐱᓕᕆᐊᒃᓴᑦ  ᐊᑐᒐᒃᓴᓪᓗ  ᐱᓕᕆᔭᐅᔪᓐᓇᖅᑐᑦ   ᐃᓗᐊᓂ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ.  ᒪᓕᒐᓕᐊᕆᔭᐅᔪᒪᔪᑦ   ᓴᓇᕐᕈᑎᖃᕐᓂᐊᖅᑐᑦ  ᒪᓕᒃᑎᑕᐅᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ  ᓄᓇᐃᑦ  ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ  ᐸᕐᓇᐅᑎᓄᑦ,   ᐸᕐᓇᒃᑕᐅᓲᓄᑦ  ᐊᑐᓂᓄᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᓄᑦ.  ᒪᓕᒋᐊᓖᑦᑕᐅᖅ  ᐱᕕᓕᐅᕈᒪᖕᒥᔪᑦ  ᕿᓚᒥᒃᑯᑦ   ᐅᐸᒃᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᐃᓪᓕᑎᒡᓪᓗᒋᑦ   ᐃᓃᑦ  ᑭᓯᐊᓂᓄᑦ ᑐᐊᕕᕐᓇᖅᑐᓄᑦ  ᓂᕆᐅᒋᔭᐅᖏᑦᑐᓄᓪᓘᓐᓃᑦ  ᖃᓄᐃᑦᑐᓄᑦ,   ᓇᓗᓇᐃᕐᓗᒋᓪᓗ  ᐊᑐᐃᓐᓇᐅᖏᑦᑐᑦ  ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᓂᕐᓄᑦ   ᐃᓃᑦ  ᓇᓕᐊᓪᓗᐊᑕᑦ  ᐱᓕᕆᐊᒃᓴᑦ   ᐊᑐᕐᓃᓪᓘᓐᓃᑦ  ᐱᕕᑭᑎᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓗᑎᒃ ᒪᓕᒋᐊᖃᕐᓗᑎᒡᓘᓐᓃᑦ.

    ᒪᓕᒋᐊᓖᑦ ᐊᑭᖃᕐᓂᐊᖅᐸᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᓄᑦ ᐊᑐᖅᑐᓄᑦ?

    ᑐᙵᕕᒋᔭᐅᓪᓗᑎᒃ  ᑲᓇᑕᐅᑉ  ᐳᓚᕋᑎᓕᕆᓂᕐᓄᑦ   ᒥᕐᖑᐃᖅᓯᕐᕕᓕᕆᔨᒃᑯᑦ  ᑲᓇᑕᒥᒃᑯᓐᓂᑦ  ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᔪᑦ   ᐃᓃᑦ  ᐊᖏᖅᓯᒪᔪᑦ  ᐱᕕᖃᖅᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ   ᐳᓛᕆᐊᖅᑐᑦ  ᐊᑭᑐᖏᑦᑐᓂᒃ  ᑐᑭᖃᑦᑎᐊᖅᑐᓂᒃ   ᐳᓛᖅᑎᓄᑦ  ᐊᑐᕐᓂᕐᓂᒃ  ᐃᑲᔪᖅᑐᕐᓗᑎᒡᓗ   ᐳᓚᕋᓐᓂᕐᓂᒃ ᓄᓇᓕᖕᓂ  ᑲᓇᑕᒥ.     

    ᒥᕐᖑᐃᖅᓯᕐᕕᓕᕆᔨᒃᑯᑦ  ᑲᓇᑕᒥᒃᑯᑦ ᑮᓇᐅᔭᖃᖅᑎᑕᐅᔪᑦ  ᑲᑎᙵᔪᒃᑯᑦ   ᒐᕙᒪᑐᖃᒃᑯᓐᓃᑦ  ᑮᓇᐅᔭᓂᑦ  ᐸᕐᓇᒃᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᓄᑦ ᐱᔨᑦᑎᕋᕐᓂᕐᓂᓪᓗ  ᐊᑭᓂᑦ.  ᑮᓇᐅᔭᓕᐊᑦ  ᐱᔨᑦᑎᕋᕐᓂᕐᓄᑦ   ᐊᑭᓂᑦ  ᐊᑐᓕᖅᑎᑕᐅᒃᑲᓐᓂᖅᑐᑦ  ᐊᐅᓚᓂᕐᓄᑦ   ᐃᑲᔪᖅᖢᑎᒡᓗ  ᐊᓕᐊᓇᐃᒍᓱᖕᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓂᖏᓐᓄᓪᓗ   ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᐃᑦᑕᕐᓂᓴᓕᕆᓂᒃᑯᑦ  ᐱᕐᔪᐊᖑᔪᓄᑦ,   ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᒥᕐᖑᐃᖅᓯᕐᕕᖕᓄᑦ  ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᓄᓪᓗ.   ᑖᒃᑯᐊ  ᐊᑮᑦ  ᐊᑐᓕᖅᑎᑕᐅᒃᑲᓐᓂᖃᑦᑕᖅᑐᑦ  ᐃᑲᔫᑕᐅᓪᓗᑎᒃ   ᐳᓚᕋᑎᓄᑦ  ᐱᓕᕆᐊᒃᓴᓄᑦ,  ᐱᔨᑦᑎᕋᕐᓂᕐᓄᑦ,   ᐃᒡᓗᓄᑦ,  ᓲᕐᓗ  ᑐᑭᓯᔾᔪᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᖅᑐᓄᑦ  ᓴᖅᑭᔮᖅᑐᓄᑦ   ᑕᑯᔭᒃᓴᓄᓪᓗ,  ᐱᓱᕋᔭᒡᕖᑦ  ᐸᖅᑭᔭᐅᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ, ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᖅᑏᑦ  ᐊᑭᓕᖅᓱᖅᑕᐅᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ, ᓇᓗᓇᐃᒃᑯᑕᓄᑦ,  ᑐᓴᐅᒪᔭᐅᑎᑦᑎᓂᕐᓄᑦ,  ᐳᓚᕋᑏᑦ  ᐊᑦᑕᕐᓇᖏᑦᑐᒦᓐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ,  ᑐᓴᐅᒪᖃᑎᒌᖕᓂᕐᓄᑦ   ᐊᐅᓪᓚᖅᑐᓄᓪᓗ  ᐸᕐᓇᖕᓂᕐᓄᑦ  ᐳᓚᕋᑎᓄᑦ.   ᐳᓚᕋᑎᓄᑦ  ᐊᑮᑦ  ᐅᖓᑖᓄᐊᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᖏᑦᑐᑦ  ᐱᔨᑦᑎᕋᕐᓂᕐᓄᑦ   ᐳᓚᕋᑎᓄᑦ;  ᐃᓚᐃᓐᓇᕐᔪᐊᓂᒃ  ᑮᓇᐅᔭᓂᒃ   ᐊᑐᖅᑕᒥᓂᒃ  ᐅᑎᖅᑎᑦᑎᓲᖑᕗᑦ,  ᐳᓚᕋᑏᑦ  ᐊᑐᖅᑕᖏᑦ  ᐊᑭᑭᑎᖦᖢᒋᑦ. 

    ᐊᓯᓂᑦᑕᐅᖅ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᓂ ᐊᓐᓂᕆᔭᐅᔪᓂ,  ᐃᓚᖏᑦ  ᐱᔨᑦᑎᕋᕐᕖᑦ   ᐊᑐᐃᓐᓇᐅᑎᑕᐅᔪᑦ  ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᕐᓂ  ᐅᐸᓲᑦ  ᐊᒃᑐᐊᔪᓂᒃ  ᐊᑭᓖᖃᑦᑕᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᐊᖅᑐᑦ.  ᒪᓕᒐᓕᐊᕆᔭᐅᔪᒪᔪᑦ   ᐱᖃᓯᐅᔾᔨᔪᑦ  ᐱᕕᓕᐅᖅᓯᒪᔪᓂᒃ  ᐊᓯᓂᒡᓗ  ᐊᔪᖏᔾᔪᑎᓂᒃ.  ᐃᓚᖏᑎᒍᑦ   ᑉᓕᕆᐊᒃᓴᑦ  ᐊᑐᒐᒃᓴᓪᓘᓐᓃᑦ  ᐊᑭᓕᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᐊᖅᑐᑦ.    ᒥᕐᖑᐃᖅᓯᕐᕕᓕᕆᔨᒃᑯᑦ  ᑲᓇᑕᒥᒃᑯᑦ  ᐊᖏᖅᓯᒪᕗᑦ   ᐊᑮᑦ  ᐊᑭᓕᖅᑕᐅᔭᕆᐊᓖᑦ ᐳᓛᕆᐊᖅᑐᓄᑦ  ᐊᑭᑭᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ,   ᑭᒡᒐᖅᑐᐃᓗᑎᒃ  ᐊᑐᒐᒃᓴᑦᑎᐊᕙᖕᓂᒃ  ᑲᓇᑕᒥᐅᓄᑦ   ᐱᕕᑭᓗᐊᖅᑎᖏᓪᓗᒋᓪᓗ ᐊᓕᐊᓇᐃᓐᓂᖏᑦ  ᐅᐸᒐᒃᓴᐅᓂᖏᓪᓗ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ  ᑕᕆᐅᕐᓂ  ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ.