Visitor Experience and Public Use

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Visitor experience and public use in national marine conservation areas

National marine conservation areas are established for the purpose of protecting and conserving representative marine areas for the benefit, education and enjoyment of the people of Canada and the world. Visitation and public use are therefore central to the reason why national marine conservation areas are created and is one of eight goals set out in the recently adopted Policy on the Establishment and Management of National Marine Conservation Areas. In turn, visitation and public use contribute to achieving other national marine conservation area management goals, such as enhancing

Visitor experience and public use in national marine conservation areas

National marine conservation areas are established for the purpose of protecting and conserving representative marine areas for the benefit, education and enjoyment of the people of Canada and the world. Visitation and public use are therefore central to the reason why national marine conservation areas are created and is one of eight goals set out in the recently adopted Policy on the Establishment and Management of National Marine Conservation Areas. In turn, visitation and public use contribute to achieving other national marine conservation area management goals, such as enhancing awareness and understanding of national marine conservation areas and contributing to the well-being of coastal communities by supporting local and regional economies. As with all activities that take place in national marine conservation areas, visitation and public use are managed to ensure they occur in an ecologically sustainable manner that supports the protection of marine biodiversity and ecosystems.

Why we are regulating

Regulations are being created to ensure that visitation and public use

  • Do not harm the natural and cultural heritage found in national marine conservation areas
  • Respect Indigenous heritage, traditional uses and stewardship
  • Lead to positive experiences that increase appreciation, awareness and engagement with the marine environment
  • Result in appropriate use of a shared space
  • Support a diverse array of ecologically sustainable business opportunities, and
  • Have due regard for public safety.

Regulations are one of several strategies to manage visitation and public use in accordance with national marine conservation area management goals. Other strategies include providing public use facilities, interpretation programs and public information that foster appropriate and enjoyable activities in national marine conservation areas.

What we are proposing to regulate

Table 1 provides a list of the main activities associated with visitation and public use that will be covered by the regulations. [Please note that the general regulations will not apply to rights based activities, or traditional, spiritual or ceremonial practices, carried out by Indigenous peoples.] Please consult the discussion paper on Protection of Natural and Cultural Heritage for an overview of general prohibitions and restrictions that apply to all activities (with limited exceptions).

Table 1. Visitation and public use activities covered by regulations.

ACTIVITY OR USE

SCOPE OF GENERAL REGULATIONS

Camping on dry and intertidal lands in a tent, vehicle, camper, trailer or other portable structure

Permit required. The permit will specify where camping can take place. The regulations will also include prohibitions, restrictions and authorities relative to camping similar to those found in sections 10 to 16 of the National Parks of Canada Camping Regulations.

Installing seasonal recreational camps or fishing huts on sea and lake ice

The regulations will provide authority to designate areas where a permit is required for this activity in order to manage impacts on natural and cultural heritage or other national marine conservation area users.

Boating

The regulations will provide authority to close areas to vessel traffic where needed for the protection of natural or cultural heritage. Mooring or docking in public facilities provided by Parks Canada will be subject to posted rules and fees.

Diving

The regulations will provide authority to designate areas in which diving is prohibited, restricted or subject to a permit when needed for public safety reasons or to manage impacts on natural or cultural heritage.

Motorized vehicle use on dry and intertidal lands

The regulations will provide authority to restrict motorized vehicle use to designated routes or areas where needed to manage impacts on natural or cultural heritage or other national marine conservation area users.

Recreational fishing

The regulations will provide authority to prohibit recreational fishing in zones where extractive uses are not allowed. Otherwise, the activity will be allowed subject to relevant federal, provincial or territorial regulations governing recreational fishing.

Hunting and trapping

The regulations will provide authority to prohibit hunting and trapping in zones where extractive uses are not allowed. Otherwise, the activity will be allowed subject to relevant federal, provincial or territorial regulations governing hunting and trapping.

Non-commercial harvest of plants and natural objects

The regulations will provide authority to prohibit non-commercial harvest of plants and natural objects where extractive uses are not allowed, and designate areas where harvest is allowed subject to a permit or posted rules.

Lighting or maintaining a fire on dry and intertidal lands

The regulations will provide authority to prohibit or restrict fires in areas or during periods where needed for public safety reasons, or to manage impacts on natural and cultural heritage or other national marine conservation area users.

Aircraft landing and take off

The regulations will provide authority to designate areas where aircraft landing or take off require a permit if needed to manage impacts on natural or cultural heritage or other national marine conservation area users.

Drone use

The regulations will require a permit for drone use in national marine conservation areas in order to minimize disturbance to wildlife as well as visitors and other national marine conservation area users.


In addition to the above, the regulations will have a number of prohibitions related to public conduct that are intended to promote safe and respectful use of public spaces in national marine conservation areas. These are based on similar prohibitions found in regulations that apply to National Historic Sites and National Parks across Canada. Specifically, the following activities will be prohibited under the regulations.

  • Vandalism of public facilities and infrastructure
  • Excessive noise and other behaviour that unreasonably disturbs the enjoyment of others
  • Littering
  • Wilful disruption of Indigenous harvesting activities
  • Failing to keep dogs on leash (except in designated off leash areas)
  • Allowing domestic animals to disturb or injure persons, other domestic animals, fish and wildlife or their habitat
  • Possessing or using explosives, with the exception of
    1. Transport of explosives through a national marine conservation area in accordance with the Explosives Act and other applicable legislation, and
    2. Possession and use of vehicle, vessel and aircraft safety equipment (e.g., flares), hunting ammunition and bear bangers, for their intended purpose.
  • Possessing or using firearms, with the exception of
    1. Firearms transported in accordance with the Storage, Display, Transportation and Handling of Firearms by Individuals Regulations made pursuant to the Firearms Act,
    2. Firearms carried or discharged for the purposes of hunting or trapping in areas of the national marine conservation area where these activities are permitted
    3. Firearms carried or discharged in accordance with a permit issued under the regulations, and
    4. Firearms carried or discharged for protection of life and property in national marine conservation areas where polar bears are present.

Let’s talk national marine conservation area regulations / Have your say

Let us know what you think about this proposal.

Share your ideas to help us improve the proposed regulations.

We hope this summary paper has you thinking about how these regulations may affect you, and prompts you to provide feedback and comments. Your input is an important part of the process to develop regulations.

We appreciate the feedback we have received so far. Let's keep the dialogue going!

Please watch the www.LetsTalkNMCAs.ca website for updates, and share with friends and colleagues.



ᐅᖃᐅᓯᕆᓚᐅᕐᓚᕗᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕖᑦ ᑕᒪᐃᓐᓂᓗ ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐅᓂᒃᑲᓕᐊᖏᑦ: ᐳᓚᕋᑏᑦ ᐊᑐᖅᐸᒃᑕᖏᑦ ᐃᓄᓕᒫᓄᓪᓗ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᕙᖕᓂᖏᑦ

ᐳᓚᕋᕐᑐᓕᕆᓂᖅ ᑭᒃᑯᑐᐃᓐᓇᓄᓪᓗ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᓂᖏᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖕᓂ

ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕖᑦ ᐱᓐᖑᖅᑎᑕᐅᓯᒪᖕᒪᑕ ᐱᔾᔪᑕᐅᓂᖏᑦ ᓴᐳᓐᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᖁᓗᒋᑦ, ᐱᑕᖃᐃᓐᓇᖁᓪᓗᒋᓪᓗ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᐃᒪᐃᑦ ᑐᕋᖓᔪᓂᒃ ᐃᑲᔫᑕᐅᕙᖕᓂᕐᒧᑦ, ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑕᐅᓂᕐᒧᑦ, ᑲᔾᔭᕐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓄᓪᓗ ᐃᓄᖁᑎᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ, ᓄᓇᕐᔪᐊᕐᒥᓗ. ᐳᓚᕋᑏᓪᓗ ᐃᓄᓕᒫᓄᓪᓗ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᕙᖕᓂᖏᑦ ᑕᐃᒪᐃᒪᑦ ᕿᑎᐊᓃᓪᓚᕆᒃᐳᑦ ᐱᔾᔪᑕᐅᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᖃᓄᐃᒻᒪᑦ ᓴᕿᑎᑕᐅᓯᒪᒻᒪᖓᑕ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕖᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᓚᒋᔭᐅᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᐊᕐᕕᓂᓖᑦ ᐱᖓᓱᓪᓗ ᑐᕋᒐᓕᐊᕆᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᓄᑦ ᐊᖏᕈᑕᐅᓵᓚᐅᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᒪᓐᓇᓴᖅ ᑕᐃᒃᑯᐊ ᐊᑐᐊᒐᕆᔭᐃᑦ ᓴᕿᑎᑕᐅᕙᖕᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᕙᓂᖏᓄᓪᓗ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕖᑦ. ᑕᐃᒃᑯᑎᒍᓐᓇᓗ, ᐳᓚᕋᑎᑦ ᐃᓄᓕᒪᓪᓗ ᐊᑐᖃᑕᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐃᑲᔫᑎᖃᖅᐸᖅ ᑎᑭᐅᒪᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᐊᓯᖏᓐᓂ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕖᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᑐᕌᒐᕆᔭᐅᔪᓂᒃ, ᓱᕐᓗ ᖃᐅᔨᒪᔭᐅᓂᖅᓴᐅᓕᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᑐᑭᓯᐅᒪᔭᐅᑦᑎᐊᖁᓗᒋᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕖᑦ ᐃᑲᔫᑕᐅᓗᑎᒡᓗ ᖃᓄᐃᖏᓐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᓯᒡᔭᖅᐸᓯᐅᓂᕐᒥ ᓄᓇᓕᑦ, ᐃᑲᔪᖅᓱᖅᑕᐅᖃᑕᕐᓗᑎᒃ ᓄᓇᓕᖕᓂ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᓯᒪᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᑮᓇᐅᓕᐅᕐᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᖅᑐᑦ. ᐊᒻᒪᑕᐅᖅ ᑕᐃᒫᑦᓴᐃᓐᓇᖅ ᐊᓯᒥᑎᑐᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕖᑦ, ᐳᓚᕋᑎᓄᑦ ᑭᒃᑯᑐᐃᓐᓇᓄᓪᓗ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᕙᖕᓂᖏᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᕙᒃᐳᑦ ᑲᒪᒋᔭᐅᑦᑎᐊᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᐃᒃᐱᒍᓱᑦᑎᐊᕐᓂᒃᑯᑦ ᐊᕙᑎᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᐊᕙᑎᒥᐅᑕᕆᔭᖏᓐᓂᓗ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᓱᐃᔪᓂᒃ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥ ᐊᔾᔨᒋᖏᓐᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᐆᒪᔪᐃᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐊᕙᑎᖏᑦ.


ᖃᓄᐃᒻᒪᑦ ᒪᓕᒐᖃᖅᑎᑦᑎᓂᐊᕐᓕᕐᒪᖔᑦᑕ

ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᓴᕿᑎᑕᐅᓯᒪᓕᖅᑐᑦ ᐅᔾᔨᖅᑐᑦᑎᐊᕐᒃᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᑕᒪᑯᐊ ᐳᓚᕋᑏᓪᓗ ᑭᒃᑯᑐᐃᓐᓇᓄᓪᓗ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᕙᖕᓂᖏᑦ:

  • ᓴᐳᓐᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᐱᐅᓯᑐᖃᖏᑦ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᑐᖃᕐᓄᓪᓗ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕖᑦ
  • ᐃᒃᐱᒋᔭᐅᔭᕆᐊᖃᕐᒪᑕ ᓄᓇᓕᑐᖃᕐᓄᑦ ᓇᔪᖅᑕᐅᖏᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ, ᐱᐅᓯᑐᖃᕐᒥᒍᓪᓗ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᖃᑕᐃᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ, ᓄᓇᖁᑎᒋᔭᐅᓂᖏᓪᓗ;
  • ᑐᕌᖓᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᐱᐅᔪᑎᓂᒃ ᐅᐸᒃᑕᐅᓯᒪᓂᖏᓐᓂ, ᐱᕚᓪᓕᕈᑕᐅᓂᐊᕐᒪᑕ ᖁᔭᓕᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ, ᖃᐅᔨᒪᓂᖅᓴᐅᓕᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᓚᒋᔭᐅᓕᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥ ᐊᕙᑎᓕᕆᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᕐᒥᒃ;
  • ᓴᕿᑎᔾᔪᑕᐅᖁᓗᒋᑦ ᓇᒪᔪᓂᒃ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᖃᑕᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐊᔾᔨᒋᖏᑦᑑᑎᐅᔪᓂᒃ ᐅᕝᕙᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᓇᒻᒪᖕᓂᐊᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᐊᕙᑎᖓᑕ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᐃᒃᐱᒍᓱᑦᑎᐊᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᖃᑕᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ;
  • ᐃᓱᒪᒋᔭᐅᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᐃᓄᓕᒪᑦ ᓇᖏᐊᕐᓇᖅᑐᒃᑰᕆᐊᖃᓐᖏᓂᖏᑦ ᐊᑕᕐᓇᖅᑐᖃᕈᓐᓇᖅᑐᓂᒃ.

ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐃᓚᒋᔭᐅᕗᑦ ᐊᒥᓱᒐᓴᓐᓄᑦ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᕈᑕᐅᕙᒃᑐᓄᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐳᓚᕋᑎᓂᒃ, ᐃᓄᓕᒫᓄᓪᓗ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᕙᖕᓂᖏᑦ ᒪᓕᒃᑐᓂᒃ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕖᒃ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᑐᕋᒐᕆᔭᐅᔪᓂᒃ. ᐊᓯᖏᑦᑕᐅᖅ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᕈᑎᒃᓴᐃᑦ ᐃᓚᖃᕆᕗᑦ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᖃᑕᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᓴᓇᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ, ᑐᑭᓯᓂᐊᕐᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᖅᑐᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᓄᓕᒪᓄᑦ ᑐᓴᐅᒪᔾᔪᑎᒃᓴᐃᑦ ᑐᕋᖓᔪᑦ ᓇᒪᔪᓂᒃ ᖁᕕᐊᓇᕈᓐᓇᖅᑐᓂᒡᓗ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᕐᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖏᑦ.

ᖃᓄᐃᓕᖓᔪᓂᒃ ᒪᓕᒐᖃᖅᑎᑎᔪᒪᓂᕐᒥᒃ ᐱᒋᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᔪᒪᓂᕗᑦ

ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᓯᒪᔪᓂᒃ 1 ᑎᑎᕋᖅᓯᒪᔪᖃᖅᐳᑦ ᐱᓪᓗᐊᑕᐅᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᖃᓄᓕᐅᕐᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐳᓚᕋᑏᑦ ᐃᓄᓕᒫᓄᓪᓗ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᕙᖕᓂᖏᑦ ᒪᓕᒐᖃᕐᕕᐅᓂᐊᖅᑐᑦ ᑕᒪᒃᑯᓂᖓ ᒪᓕᒐᕐᓂᒃ. (ᖃᐅᔨᒪᒋᑦ ᑕᑯᐊ ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐊᑑᑎᖃᓐᖏᒻᒪᑕ ᐊᑐᕐᓂᐊᕈᑎᒃ, ᐅᕝᕙᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐱᖅᑯᓯᒃᑯᑦ, ᐅᑉᐱᓂᒃᑯᑦ ᐅᕝᕙᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᖁᕕᐊᓲᑎᖃᓐᓂᒃᑯᑦ, ᑲᒪᒋᔭᐅᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᓄᓇᖃᖅᑳᓯᒪᔪᓄᑦ.) ᐊᑏᑐᖅ ᑐᑭᓯᓂᐊᕐᕕᒋᓂᐊᖅᐸᑎᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᐅᓯᒪᓂᖏᑦ ᑎᑎᖃᐃᑦ ᓴᐳᓐᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᐱᐅᓯᑐᖃᖏᑦ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᑐᖃᕐᓄᓪᓗ ᐱᑕᖃᐃᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᑕᒪᐃᓐᓂ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᖓᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᐊᔪᖅᑎᑕᐅᕙᒃᑐᓂᑦ, ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᑕᐃᓕᒪᓂᖏᓐᓂᓗ ᒪᓕᒐᕆᔭᐅᔪᓂᒃ ᑕᒪᐃᓐᓂᒃ ᐱᓕᕆᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂ (ᐃᓚᖃᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᐊᒥᓱᖏᑦᑐᓂᒃ ᒪᓕᒐᕐᓂᒃ ᒪᓕᖏᑐᓐᓇᕐᓂᕐᒥᒃ ᐱᔪᓐᓴᐅᑎᖃᖅᑐᓂᒃ).

ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᓯᒪᔪᓂᒃ 1. ᐳᓚᕋᑏᑦ ᐊᑐᖅᐸᒃᑕᖏᑦ ᐃᓄᓕᒫᓄᓪᓗ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᕙᖕᓂᖏᑦ ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ.

ᐱᓕᕆᐊᖑᓂᖏᑦ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓪᓗ

ᖃᓄᐃᓕᖓᓂᖏᓪᓗ ᑕᒪᐃᓐᓂ ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ

ᓄᓇᒦᑐᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᓄᓇᓪᓚᕆᖕᒥ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᑎᓐᓂᖓᓂᐅᕙᒃᑐᒥ, ᑐᐱᖅᓯᒪᓗᑎᒃ, ᓄᓇᒃᑰᕈᑎᒥᓃᓪᓗᑎᒃ, ᓄᓇᒥᑕᑐᕐᕕᖕᒥᓂ, ᑲᓕᒐᖕᓐᓂ ᓄᓇᕈᑎᒃᑯᑦ ᑕᖕᒪᕐᕕᖏᓐᓂ ᐊᓯᖏᓐᓂᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᑲᓕᑕᐅᖃᑕᕈᓐᓇᖅᑐᓂ ᐱᖁᑎᓂᒃ ᐊᑐᕐᓗᑎᒃ

ᐱᔪᓐᓇᐅᑎᖃᕆᐊᓖᑦ. ᐱᔪᓐᓇᐅᑎᖏᓐᓂ ᓇᓗᓇᔾᔭᖏᑦᑐᑦ ᓇᓂ ᓄᓇᒥᑕᖅᑐᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ. ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦᑕᐅᖅ ᓇᓗᓇᐃᔭᐃᓂᐊᖅᑐᑦ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐃᑕᐃᓕᒪᕕᖏᓐᓂᒃ, ᐊᔪᖅᑎᑕᐅᓂᐊᖅᑐᓂ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓴᖏᓂᖃᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᑕᖕᒪᕐᕕᐅᖃᑕᕈᓐᓇᖅᑐᓂ, ᐊᔾᔨᓴᐃᓐᓇᑲᓴᖏᓐᓂ ᑕᐃᒃᑯᑎᑐᓇ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᐅᓯᒪᔪᓂ 10ᒥᒃ 16ᒧᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᒥᕐᖑᐃᓯᕐᕕᒃ ᑕᖕᒫᕐᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᖅᑐᓂ ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ

ᐊᕐᕋᒎᑉ ᐃᓚᖓᒍᑦ ᓄᓇᒥᑦᑕᖅᑐᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐃᖃᓗᒃᓯᐅᕐᓂᖏᓄᓪᓗᓐᓂᑦ ᐅᖁᐊᖃᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᑕᕆᐅᒥ ᑕᓯᕐᒥᓗ ᓯᑯᒥ

ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐱᑕᖃᕈᑕᐅᔪᑦ ᓴᖏᓂᖃᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᑎᒃᑯᐊᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᓇᓂ ᐱᔪᓐᓇᐅᑎᖃᕆᐊᖃᕐᒪᖓᑕ ᑕᒪᒃᑯᓂᖓ ᐊᑐᕐᓂᐊᕈᑎᒃ ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᔭᕆᐊᖃᕐᒪᑕ ᐊᒃᑐᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᓴᐳᓐᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᓗᑎᒃ ᐱᐅᓯᑐᖃᖏᑦ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᑐᖃᕐᒥᒍᓪᓗ ᐱᑕᖃᐃᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐊᓯᖏᓪᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖕᓂ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᕙᖕᓂᖏᑦ.

ᐅᒥᐊᖅᑐᕐᓂᕐᒥᒃ

ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐱᑕᖃᕈᑕᐅᔪᑦ ᓴᖏᓂᖃᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᒪᑐᔭᐅᖃᑦᑕᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᖃᓂᒋᔭᐅᔪᑦ ᐅᒥᐊᒃᑯᑦ ᐃᖏᕐᕋᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᖃᖓᑐᐃᓐᓇᖅ ᓴᐳᓐᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᔭᕆᐊᖃᕈᑎᒃ ᐱᐅᓯᑐᖃᖏᑦ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᑐᖃᕐᒥᒍᓪᓗ ᐱᑕᖃᐃᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ. ᑐᓚᒃᑲᕐᕕᑦ ᑭᓇᖅᓯᒪᕝᕕᒃᓴᐃᓪᓗ ᐃᓄᓕᒪᓄᑦ ᐊᑐᒐᒃᓴᐃᑦ ᒥᕐᖑᐃᓯᕐᕕᓕᕆᔨᒃᑯᓐᓂᒃ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᒪᓕᒐᕐᓂᐊᕐᒥᔪᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐊᑭᓖᒐᓚᒍᑕᐅᕙᒡᓗᑎᒃ.

ᐊᖃᐅᒪᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ

ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐱᑕᖃᕈᑕᐅᔪᑦ ᓴᖏᓂᖃᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᑎᒃᑯᐊᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᓂᖏᑦ ᑕᐃᒃᑯᐊ ᓇᓂ ᐊᖅᑲᐅᕕᐅᑕᐃᓕᔪᑦ, ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᑕᐃᓕᔪᑦ ᐅᕝᕙᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐱᔪᓐᓇᐅᑎᖃᕆᐊᓕᑦ ᐱᔭᕆᐊᖃᕈᑎᒃ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᐊᑕᕐᓇᖅᑐᒥᖁᓇᒋᑦ ᐅᕝᕙᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐊᒃᑐᖅᑕᐅᑕᐃᓕᒪᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᐱᐅᓯᑐᖃᖏᑦ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᑐᖃᕐᒥᒍᓪᓗ ᐱᑕᖃᐃᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ.

ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᓄᓇᒃᑰᕈᑎᑦ ᓄᓇᒥ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᑎᓂᖓᓂᕐᒥ ᓯᒡᔭᒥ

ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐱᑕᖃᕈᑕᐅᔪᑦ ᓴᖏᓂᖃᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᑦᑕᐃᓕᒪᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᓄᓇᒃᑰᕈᑏᑦ ᑕᐃᒃᑯᓇᓂ ᑎᒃᑯᐊᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᓂ ᐅᕝᕙᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᐅᑕᐅᔭᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᐊᒃᑐᖅᑕᐅᑕᐃᓕᒪᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᐱᐅᓯᑐᖃᖏᑦ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᑐᖃᕐᒥᒍᓪᓗ ᐱᑕᖃᐃᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐅᕝᕙᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐊᓯᖏᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖕᓂ ᐊᑐᖅᐸᒃᑐᑦ.

ᐃᕿᐊᖑᐃᔭᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐃᑲᓗᒃᓯᐅᕐᓂᖅ

ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐱᑕᖃᕈᑕᐅᔪᑦ ᓴᖏᓂᖃᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐊᔪᖅᑎᑦᑎᓂᖅ ᐃᕿᐊᖑᐃᔭᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐃᑲᓗᒃᓯᐅᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᐅᔪᓂ ᐱᓇᓱᐊᕐᕝᕕᐅᑕᐃᓕᒪᑎᑕᐅᔪᓂᒃ. ᐊᓯᐊᒍᓪᓗᑕᐅᖅ, ᑕᒪᒃᑯᐊ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᖃᑕᕈᓐᓇᖅᐳᑦ ᑭᓯᐊᓂ ᑕᐃᒃᑯᓇᓂ ᐱᔪᓐᓇᖅᑎᑕᐅᔪᓂ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ, ᑲᓇᑕᐅᑉ ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᓯᒪᓂᖏᓐᓂ, ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᒥᓪᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᓯᒪᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᒪᓕᒐᓪᓗᑐᕆᔭᐅᔪᓄᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᔾᔪᑕᐅᔪᓂᒃ ᐃᕿᐊᖑᐃᔭᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐃᑲᓗᒃᓯᐅᕐᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ.

ᐊᖑᓇᓱᒍᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᒥᑭᒋᐊᕐᓂᐊᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ

ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐱᑕᖃᕈᑕᐅᔪᑦ ᓴᖏᓂᖃᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐊᔪᖅᑎᑦᑎᓂᖅ ᐊᖑᓇᓱᒍᓐᓇᕐᓂᕐᒥᒃ, ᒥᑭᒋᐊᕐᓂᐊᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᕐᒥᒃ ᑭᒡᓕᖃᕐᕕᐅᔪᓂ ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᓂ ᑕᐃᒪᐃᓕᐅᕆᐊᖃᖏᓂᖏᓐᓂ. ᐊᓯᐊᒍᓪᓕ, ᑕᒪᒃᑯᐊ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᖃᑕᕈᓐᓇᖅᐳᑦ ᑭᓯᐊᓂ ᑕᐃᒃᑯᓇᓂ ᐱᔪᓐᓇᖅᑎᑕᐅᖏᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ, ᑲᓇᑕᐅᑉ ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᓯᒪᓂᖏᓐᓂ, ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᒥᓪᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᓯᒪᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᒪᓕᒐᕆᔭᐅᔪᓄᑦ ᐊᖑᓇᓱᒍᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ, ᒥᑭᒋᐊᕐᓂᐊᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᕐᓗ.

ᑮᓇᐅᔭᓕᐅᕈᑕᐅᕙᖏᑦᑐᓂᒃ ᑲᑎᖅᓱᐃᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᓄᐊᑦᑎᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᐱᕈᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᐱᐅᓯᑐᖃᖅᑎᒍᑦ ᓱᓇᑐᐃᓐᓇᕐᒥᒃ ᐱᑕᖃᖅᑐᓂᒃ

ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐱᑕᖃᕈᑕᐅᔪᑦ ᓴᖏᓂᖃᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ i) ᐊᔪᖅᑎᑦᑎᓂᖅ ᑮᓇᐅᔭᓕᐅᕈᑕᐅᕙᖏᑦᑐᓂᒃ ᑲᑎᖅᓱᐃᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᓄᐊᑦᑎᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᐱᕈᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᐱᐅᓯᑐᖃᖅᑎᒍᑦ ᓱᓇᑐᐃᓐᓇᕐᒥᒃ ᐱᑕᖃᖅᑐᓂᒃ, ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ii) ᑎᒃᑯᐊᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᓂ ᐱᓇᓱᐊᕐᕕᐅᖃᑕᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᑭᓯᐊᓂ ᐱᔪᓐᓇᐅᑎᖃᖅᑎᑕᐅᓗᑎᒃ ᐅᕝᕙᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᓴᕿᑎᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᓂᒃ ᒪᓕᒐᖃᖅᑎᑕᐅᓗᑎᒃ.

ᖃᐅᔨᒪᖃᕈᑕᐅᕙᒃᑐᑦ ᐅᕝᕙᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᓯᓚᒥ ᐃᑯᐊᓚᑎᑦᑎᕙᓐᓂᖅ ᓄᓇᓪᓚᕆᖕᒥ ᑎᓂᖓᕕᐅᕙᒃᑐᓂᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᓄᓇᒥ

ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐱᑕᖃᕈᑕᐅᔪᑦ ᓴᖏᓂᖃᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐊᔪᖅᑎᑦᑎᓂᖅ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐃᓕᑎᑦᑎᓂᕐᒧᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐃᑯᐊᓚᑎᑦᑎᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᑕᐃᒃᑯᓂᖓ ᐅᕝᕙᓗᓐᓃ ᖃᖓᑐᐃᓐᓇᖅ ᐊᕐᕌᒍᒥ ᐃᓄᓕᒪᓄᑦ ᐊᑕᕐᓇᖅᑐᖃᖅᑎᑦᑎᑕᐃᓕᒪᓕᖅᑐᓂ ᐱᔾᔪᑎᖃᖅᓱᑎᒃ, ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᖁᓪᓗᒋᓪᓗᒋᓪᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᓴᐳᓐᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᓂᖏᑦ ᐱᐅᓯᑐᖃᐃᑦ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᑐᖃᐃᓪᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐱᑕᖃᐃᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐅᕝᕙᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐊᓯᖏᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖕᓂ ᐊᑐᖅᐸᒃᑐᑦ.

ᖃᖓᑕᓱᕐᓄᑦ ᒥᑦᑕᖅᑐᕐᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᖅᑐᑦ ᖃᖓᑕᔭᖅᑐᕐᕕᔪᓐᓇᖅᑐᓪᓗ

ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐱᑕᖃᕈᑕᐅᔪᑦ ᓴᖏᓂᖃᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᑎᒃᑯᐊᖅᑕᐅᕙᖕᓂᖏᑦ ᖃᖓᑕᓲᕐᓄᑦ ᒥᑦᑕᖅᑐᕐᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᖅᑐᑦ, ᖃᖓᑕᕐᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᖅᑐᓪᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐱᔪᓐᓇᐅᑎᖃᕆᐊᓖᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᔭᕆᐊᖃᕈᑎᒃ ᐊᒃᑐᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐱᐅᓯᑐᖃᖏᑦ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᑐᖃᕐᒥᒍᓪᓗ ᐱᑕᖃᐃᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐊᓯᖏᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖕᓂ ᐊᑐᖅᐸᒃᑐᑦ.

ᖃᖓᑕᕙᒃᑐᑦ ᐊᔾᔨᓕᐅᕈᑏᓖᑦ ᑕᕐᕆᔭᐅᑎᓕᓪᓗᓐᓃᑦ

ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᒪᓕᒐᖃᖅᐳᑦ ᐱᔪᓐᓇᐅᑎᖃᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᖅ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᖃᖓᑕᕙᒃᑐᑦ ᐊᔾᔨᓕᐅᕈᑏᑦ ᑕᕐᕆᔭᐅᑎᓪᓗᓐᓂᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖕᓂ ᒪᓕᒃᑕᐅᒋᐊᓕᖕᓂ ᐸᕝᕕᓴᒃᑕᐅᖁᓇᒋᑦ ᐆᒪᔪᐃᑦ ᐳᓚᕋᕐᑎᓪᓗ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐊᓯᖏᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖕᓂ ᐊᑐᖅᐸᒃᑐᑦ.


ᐊᒻᒪᑕᐅᖅ ᖁᓚᓂ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᐅᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᐊᓯᖏᓐᓂ, ᒪᓕᒐᖃᕐᓂᐊᕆᕗᖅ ᐊᒥᓱᒐᓴᖕᓂᒃ ᐊᓯᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᐊᔪᖅᑎᑦᑎᔪᓂᒃ ᐃᓄᓕᒪᑦ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᖃᑕᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᐱᔾᔪᑎᖃᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐊᑦᑕᕐᓇᖅᑐᒦᑕᐃᓕᒪᔭᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ, ᓇᖕᒋᐊᕐᓇᖅᑐᓂᒡᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᒃᐱᒋᔭᐅᑦᑎᐊᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᐃᓄᓕᒪᓄᑦ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᕙᖕᓂᖏᑦ ᓇᓂᑐᐃᓐᓇᖅ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖕᓂ. ᑕᒪᒃᑯᐊ ᑐᓐᖓᕕᖃᖅᐳᑦ ᐊᔾᔨᑲᓴᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᐊᔪᖅᑎᑕᐅᕙᖕᒥᔪᓂᒃ ᒪᓕᒐᕆᔭᐅᔪᓂᒃ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᓂ ᐱᖁᑎᓂ ᓄᓇᓂᓗ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᒥᕐᖑᐃᓯᕐᕕᖕᓂ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᓇᓂᑐᐃᓐᓇᖅ. ᐱᓗᐊᖅᑐᒥᒃ, ᐅᑯᐊ ᐊᑕᓃᑦᑐᑦ ᑎᑎᕋᖅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᐊᔪᕐᓇᖅᑎᑕᐅᔪᑦ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ:

  • ᓱᕋᑦᑎᖅᑕᐅᖃᑕᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐃᓄᓕᒫᖅᓯᐅᑏᑦ ᐱᖁᑎᑦ, ᓴᓇᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᓪᓗ;
  • ᑐᓴᖅᓴᐅᓗᐊᖅᑐᑦ ᐊᓯᖏᓐᓂᓗ ᐱᐅᓯᖃᕐᓂᖅ ᐸᒡᕕᓇᕈᑕᐅᓂᐊᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᐊᓯᓐᖏᓄᑦ;
  • ᐊᒃᑕᓕᐅᖃᑕᕐᓂᖅ;
  • ᐱᔮᕆᓗᑎᒃ ᐊᑲᐅᖏᓕᐅᕈᑎᖃᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᓄᓇᓕᑐᖃᐃᑦ ᐊᖑᓇᖕᓂᕆᕙᒃᑕᖏᓐᓂᒃ, ᐱᓇᓱᐊᖅᐸᖕᓂᖏᓐᓂᓗ ᐊᓯᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᐱᓕᕆᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ;
  • ᕿᒥᒥᒃ ᐃᐱᖅᓯᒪᑎᑦᑎᕙᖏᓂᖅ (ᑕᐃᒃᑯᓇᓂ ᐊᓯᖏᓐᓂ ᐃᐲᖓᕐᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᖅᑎᑕᐅᔪᓂ);
  • ᐆᒪᔪᖁᑎᒥᓂᒃ ᐸᒡᕕᓇᖅᑑᑎᑦᑎᕙᓐᓂᖅ ᐋᓐᓂᓯᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖓᓂᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐃᓄᖕᓂᒃ, ᐊᓯᖏᓐᓂᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐆᒪᔪᓂᒃ, ᐃᒪᕐᒥᐅᑕᓂᒡᓗᓐᓃᑦ, ᐆᒪᔪᕐᓂᒡᓗᓐᓂᑦ, ᓇᔪᒐᕆᕙᒃᑕᖏᓐᓂᓗᓐᓃᑦ;
  • ᐱᓯᒪᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᐊᑐᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᕐᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᖄᖅᑕᔫᕐᓂᒃ, ᑭᓯᐊᓂ ᑕᐃᒪᐃᓇᔭᑐᓂᒃ ᐃᒪᐃᓕᖓᒍᑎᒃ:
    1. ᐅᓯᔭᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᖄᖅᑕᔫᑦ ᑕᐅᕗᓇ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᒃᑯᑦ ᒪᓕᒃᑕᐅᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᖃᖅᑕᔫᓕᕆᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐱᖁᔭᖅ ᐊᓯᖏᓪᓗ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᔭᕆᐊᓖᑦ ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ;
    2. ᐱᓯᒪᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᐊᑐᕈᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᓄᓇᒃᑰᕈᒻᒥᒃ, ᐅᒥᐊᕐᒥᒃ, ᖃᖓᑕᓱᕐᒥᒃ ᐊᑕᓇᖅᑐᖅᓯᐅᑎᓂᒃ (ᓱᕐᓗ ᖃᐅᒪᓂᒃ ᓇᓂᔭᐅᔪᒪᓗᑎᒃ ᖁᒻᒧᐊᒃᑎᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᖅᑐᓂᒃ), ᐊᖑᓇᓱᒍᑎᓂᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓇᓄᕐᓂᒃ ᕿᒫᑎᑦᑎᔾᔪᑎᓂᒃ, ᐊᓯᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᓴᓇᔭᐅᓯᒪᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᑐᕋᖓᔪᓄᑦ.
  • ᐱᓯᒪᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᐊᑐᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ, ᐱᖏᑕᑐᐊᕆᓗᒍᑦ ᒪᑯᐊ:
    1. ᖁᑭᐅᑏᑦ ᐅᓯᔭᐅᓂᖏᑦ ᒪᓕᒃᑕᐅᓗᑎᒃ ᑐᖁᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ, ᑕᑯᔭᒃᓴᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ, ᐅᓯᔭᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᑦ, ᐊᐅᓚᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓪᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᖁᑭᐅᑎᑦ ᐃᓄᖕᓄᑦ ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐃᓚᒋᔭᐅᒐᒥᒃ ᖁᑭᐅᓯᕆᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐱᖁᔭᖅ;
    2. ᖁᑭᐅᑎᓂᒃ ᓇᒃᓴᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ, ᖁᑭᕆᐊᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓪᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᐊᖑᓇᓱᖕᓂᕐᒧᑦ, ᒥᑭᒋᐊᕐᓂᐊᕐᓂᕐᒧᓪᓗᓐᓃᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖕᓂ ᑕᐃᒪᐃᓕᐅᕈᓐᓇᖅᑎᑕᐅᔪᓂ ᐱᔪᓐᓇᐅᑎᖃᖅᑐᓄᑦ;
    3. ᖁᑭᐅᑎᓂᒃ ᓇᒃᓴᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᒪᓕᑕᐅᓗᑎᒃ ᐱᔪᓐᓇᐅᑏᑦ ᑐᓂᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ;
    4. ᖁᑭᐅᑎᓂᒃ ᓇᒃᓴᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ, ᖁᑭᕆᐊᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᓴᐳᓐᓂᐊᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐃᓄᖕᒥᒃ ᐱᖁᑎᓂᒡᓗᓐᓃᑦ, ᑕᐅᕙᓂ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖕᓂ ᓇᓄᖅᑕᖃᖅᑎᓪᓗᒍ.


ᐅᖃᖃᑎᒌᓚᐅᖅᑕ ᑕᐃᒃᑯᓂᖓ
ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ ᓴᐳᔾᔨᕕᖕᓄᑦ ᒪᓕᒐᕐᓂᒃ /

ᐅᖃᐅᓯᒃᓴᖃᕐᕕᒋᔭᐃᑦ


ᐅᕙᑦᑎᓐᓂᒃ ᖃᐅᔨᑎᑦᑎᓂᐊᖅᐳᑎᑦ ᖃᓄᖅ ᐃᓱᒪᒋᖕᒪᖔᖅᐱᐅᒃ ᑕᒪᓐᓇ ᐱᒋᐊᖅᑎᑕᐅᔪᒪᔪᖅ.

ᐃᓱᒪᔭᑎᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᕆᓂᐊᖅᐸᑎᑦ ᐅᕙᑦᑎᓐᓄᑦ ᐱᐅᓯᒋᐊᕈᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᐊᕐᒪᑕ ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐱᒋᐊᖅᑎᑕᐅᔪᒪᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ.

ᓂᕆᐅᒃᑐᒍᑦ ᐅᑯᐊ ᓇᐃᓈᖅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᐅᓂᒃᑳᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᕐᓂᖃᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᐃᓱᒪᒋᔭᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᖃᓄᖅ ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐃᓕᖕᓂᒃ ᐊᒃᑐᖅᓯᓯᒪᔪᓐᓇᕐᒪᖓᑕ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐱᔫᒥᓴᐅᑕᐅᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᓂᓪᓕᐅᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᒃᓴᖃᕐᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅ ᐃᓕᖕᓂᒃ. ᐃᓚᐅᖃᑕᐅᒍᕕᑦ ᐱᒻᒪᕆᖕᓂ ᐃᓚᒋᔭᐅᓂᐊᖅᑐᑦ ᑲᒪᒋᔭᐅᕙᓪᓕᐊᓂᖏᓐᓂ ᓴᕿᑎᑕᐅᕙᓪᓕᐊᔪᒪᔪᑦ ᒪᓕᒐᕆᔭᐅᓕᕈᓐᓇᖅᑐᑦ.

ᖁᔭᓕᑦᑎᐊᖅᑐᒍᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᒃᓴᓂᒃᓯᒪᔭᕐᓂᒃ ᖃᐃᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᓂᒃ ᐅᕙᑦᑎᓐᓄᑦ. ᐊᑏᑐᖅ ᑕᒪᒃᑯᐊ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᐅᕙᓪᓕᐊᓂᐊᖅᐳᑦ!

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    ᐅᖃᖃᑎᒌᓚᐅᖅᑕ ᑕᐃᒃᑯᓂᖓ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥ ᓴᐳᓐᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᕝᕕᖕᓄᑦ ᒪᓕᒐᓪᓗᑐᕐᓂᒃ

    ᐅᖃᐅᓯᒃᓴᖃᕐᕕᒋᔭᐃᑦ

    ᐅᕙᑦᑎᓐᓂᒃ ᖃᐅᔨᑎᑦᑎᓂᐊᖅᐳᑎᑦ ᖃᓄᖅ ᐃᓱᒪᒋᖕᒪᖔᖅᐱᐅᒃ ᑕᒪᓐᓇ ᐱᒋᐊᖅᑎᑕᐅᔪᒪᔪᖅ.

    ᐃᓱᒪᔭᑎᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᕆᓂᐊᖅᐸᑎᑦ ᐅᕙᑦᑎᓐᓄᑦ ᐱᐅᓯᒋᐊᕈᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᐊᕐᒪᑕ ᒪᓕᒐᐃᑦ ᐱᒋᐊᖅᑎᑕᐅᔪᒪᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ.

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